Andrássy

Andrássy

[an-dras-ee; Hung. on-drah-shee]
Andrássy, Julius, Count, 1823-90, Hungarian politician. One of the leading figures in the 1848-49 Hungarian revolution, he supported the liberal program of Louis Kossuth and after the Hungarian defeat he went into exile, mostly in Paris and London, until 1858. With Francis Deak he then rose to prominence in the negotiations leading to the Ausgleich [compromise] of 1867, which created the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. Andrássy was (1867-71) the first constitutional premier of Hungary. He opposed Austrian interference, attained the creation of a separate Hungarian defense force, put down the opposition led by Kossuth's partisans, and established Magyar supremacy at the expense of Slavic and other minorities of the kingdom. In 1870 his influence was largely responsible for keeping Austria-Hungary neutral in the Franco-Prussian War. As foreign minister of the Dual Monarchy (1871-79) he reversed the anti-Prussian policy of his predecessor, Beust, held Austria-Hungary to the Three Emperors' League, and signed (1879) the Dual Alliance with Germany (see Triple Alliance and Triple Entente). His chief program was to limit Russian expansion in the Balkans and to maintain the status quo among the Slavic peoples. At the Congress of Berlin (see Berlin, Congress of) in 1878, he obtained for the Dual Monarchy the right to occupy Bosnia and Herzegovina. This step provoked much opposition in Hungary because it further increased the Slavic element in the empire, and Andrássy resigned.
Andrássy, Julius, Count, 1860-1929, Hungarian politician; son of the elder Count Andrássy. He occupied several cabinet posts before becoming (1900) minister of the interior of Hungary in the coalition cabinet under Wekerle. He opposed the Austrian diplomacy of 1914, and as foreign minister (late in 1918) he severed all connections with Germany in the hope of obtaining a separate peace for Austria-Hungary. In 1921 he was involved in the second attempt of King Charles IV (Emperor Charles I) to regain the Hungarian throne, and he later led the royalist opposition to Admiral Horthy and Count Stephen Bethlen. He wrote a number of political and historical studies, notably, in German.
Andrássy is the name of an aristocratic family of very ancient lineage prominent in Hungarian history. The present head of the family is Count Gyula Andrássy de Csik-Szent-Király & Kraszna-Horka (b.1927), who with his family currently resides in Canada. He is the son of the late Count Mihály Andrássy (1893-1990) and his late wife, née Countess Gabrielle Károlyi de Nagy-Károly (1899-1992). Another son, Manuel Andrassy, was exiled to America in the late 1800s. He assumed the last name of Schablik and settled in Northern New Jersey.

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