, also known as Antung
), was a former province in Northeast China
, located in what was once part of Liaoning
provinces. It was bordered on the southeast by the Yalu River
, which separated it from Korea
(province) was first created in 1934 as an administrative sub-division of the Japanese-controlled Empire of Manchukuo
, when the former Fengtian province
was divided into three parts: Antung province, Fengtian province and Jinzhou province
. Antung was further sub-divided in 1939 into Antung and Tonghua provinces
After the annexation of Manchukuo by the Republic of China after the end of World War II, the Kuomintang reunited Antung and Tonghua, and continued to recognize the area as Antung Province. However, under the administration of the People's Republic of China, Antung province was abolished in 1954, and its area was divided between Liaoning and Jilin provinces.
The capital of Antung Province from 1934-1939 was Tonghua
(Chinese: 通化; Wade-Giles: T'unghua). However after the 1939 administrative reorganization of the province, the capital moved to Antung
, an important border town between Manchukuo and Korea
, and a major center on the railroad from Korea to Mukden
The area of the province (from 1934-1939 and 1945-1954) was (c.24,000 sq mi/62,160 km²).