Pramoedya Ananta Toer

or Pramudya Ananta Tur

(born Feb. 20, 1925, Blora, Java, Indon.—died April 30, 2006, Jakarta) Javanese novelist and short-story writer. While imprisoned by the Dutch (1947–49) for his role in the Indonesian revolt against renewed colonial rule, Pramoedya wrote his first published novel, The Fugitive (1950). After Indonesia gained independence in 1949, he began to produce works written in a rich style that incorporates everyday speech and images from classical Javanese culture. Imprisoned (1965–79) for his role in an attempted communist coup, he wrote a series of four novels—This Earth of Mankind (1980), Child of All Nations (1980), Footsteps (1985), and House of Glass (1988)—that depict Javanese society under Dutch rule. He is the preeminent prose writer of postindependence Indonesia.

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