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Psychoanalytic method of Carl Jung as he distinguished it from that of Sigmund Freud. Jung attached less importance than did Freud to the role of childhood sexual conflicts in the development of neurosis. Moreover, he defined the unconscious to include both the individual's own unconscious and that inherited, partly in the form of archetypes, from his or her ancestors (the “collective unconscious”). He classified people into introvert and extravert types and further distinguished them according to four primary functions of the mind—thinking, feeling, sensation, and intuition—one or more of which predominated in any given person.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.

Philosophical tradition that emphasizes the logical analysis of concepts and the study of the language in which they are expressed. It has been the dominant approach in philosophy in the English-speaking world from the early 20th century. With respect to its problems, methods, and style, it is often contrasted with Continental philosophy, though the significance of the opposition has been widely challenged. Analytic philosophers have differed regarding the nature of so-called “ordinary” language and the methodological value of appeals to ordinary usage in the logical analysis of concepts. Those known as formalists hold that, because ordinary language is potentially a source of conceptual confusion, philosophy and science should be conducted in a logically transparent formal language based on modern mathematical, or symbolic, logic. Those known as informalists reject this view, arguing that attempts to “improve” ordinary language in this way inevitably oversimplify or falsify it, thereby creating conceptual confusion of just the sort that the formalists are concerned to avoid. Three figures conventionally recognized as founders of the tradition are Gottlob Frege, G.E. Moore, and Bertrand Russell. Other major figures include Ludwig Wittgenstein, A.J. Ayer, Rudolf Carnap, J.L. Austin, W.V.O. Quine, and David Lewis (1941–2001). *Seealso* logical positivism; Vienna Circle.

Learn more about analytic philosophy with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.

Investigation of geometric objects using coordinate systems. Because René Descartes was the first to apply algebra to geometry, it is also known as Cartesian geometry. It springs from the idea that any point in two-dimensional space can be represented by two numbers and any point in three-dimensional space by three. Because lines, circles, spheres, and other figures can be thought of as collections of points in space that satisfy certain equations, they can be explored via equations and formulas rather than graphs. Most of analytic geometry deals with the conic sections. Because these are defined using the notion of fixed distance, each section can be represented by a general equation derived from the distance formula.

Learn more about analytic geometry with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.

Generally speaking, analytic (from Greek ἀναλυτικός - analytikos) refers to the "having the ability to analyze" or "division into elements or principles."

- Analytical chemistry, the analysis of material samples to learn their chemical composition and structure
- Analytical technique
- Analytical concentration

- Analytic geometry, the study of geometry using the principles of algebra
- Analytic combinatorics
- Analytic number theory, a branch of number theory that uses methods from mathematical analysis
- Abstract analytic number theory, the application of ideas and techniques from analytic number theory to other mathematical fields
- Analytic function
- Analytic continuation, a technique to extend the domain of definition of a given analytic function
- Analytic variety, the set of common solutions of several equations involving analytic functions
- Analytic capacity
- Analytic solution: a solution to a problem that can be written in "closed form" in terms of known functions, constants, etc.

- Analytic proof, in structural proof theory, a proof whose structure is simple in a special way
- Method of analytic tableaux, a fundamental concept in automated theorem proving

- Analytic element method, a numerical method used to solve partial differential equations
- Analytic manifold, a topological manifold with analytic transition maps

- Analytic philosophy
- Analytic proposition, a statement whose truth can be determined solely through analysis of its meaning
- Analytical Thomism, the movement to present the thought of Thomas Aquinas in the style of modern analytic philosophy
- Postanalytic philosophy

- Analytical psychology, part of the Jungian psychology movement
- Analytical psychodrama
- Individual analytical psychodrama
- Cognitive analytic therapy

- Analytic induction, the systematic examination of similarities between various social phenomena to develop concepts or ideas
- Analytic frame, a detailed sketch or outline of some social phenomenon, representing initial idea of a scientist analyzing this phenomenon

- Analytic language, a natural language in which most morphemes are free (separate), instead of fused together
- Analytic signal, a particular representation of a signal
- Analytical mechanics, a refined, highly mathematical form of classical mechanics
- Analytical Marxism, an interpretation of Marxism
- Analytical jurisprudence, the use of analytical reasoning to study legal theory
- Analytic cubism, one of two major branches of the cubism artistic movement
- Analytical-Literal Translation, a very literal translation of the Bible
- Analytical skills
- Analytical software
- Analytical IT
- Analytic grammar, a kind of formal grammar that works by successively reducing input strings to simpler forms
- Analytical balance, a very high precision (0.1 mg or better) weighing scale
- Analytical ultracentrifuge, an ultracentrifuge that can monitor samples while they're being spun

- Synthesis
- Analytical engine, a 19th century mechanical general-purpose computer designed by Charles Babbage
- Analytical Society, a 19th century British group who promoted the use of Leibnizian or analytical calculus, as opposed to Newtonian calculus

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Last updated on Monday October 06, 2008 at 04:55:02 PDT (GMT -0700)

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

Last updated on Monday October 06, 2008 at 04:55:02 PDT (GMT -0700)

View this article at Wikipedia.org - Edit this article at Wikipedia.org - Donate to the Wikimedia Foundation

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