Definitions

Amur

Amur

[ah-moor; Russ. uh-moor]
Amur, Chin. Heilongjiang, river, c.1,800 mi (2,900 km) long, formed by the confluence of the Shilka and Argun rivers, NE Asia, at the Russian-Chinese border; the Amur-Shilka-Onon system is c.2,700 mi (4,350 km) long. The Amur flows generally southeast, forming for more than 1,000 mi (1,610 km) the border between Russia and China, then NE through Russia before entering the Tartar Strait opposite Sakhalin island. Its chief tributaries are the Ussuri, Songhua, Zeya, and Bureya rivers. One of the chief waterways of Asia, the Amur is navigable for small craft for its entire length during the ice-free season (May-Nov.). The chief ports are the Russian cities of Khabarovsk (the head of large craft navigation), Komsomolsk, and Nikolayevsk.
Komsomolsk-on-Amur (Комсомо́льск-на-Аму́ре; often transliterated directly as Komsomolsk-na-Amure) is a city located in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia on the left bank of Amur River. It is located on the BAM railway line, northeast of Khabarovsk. Population: 281,035 (2002 Census); 315,325 (1989 Census).

The area was conquered by the Mongols and became part of Mongol Yuan Dynasty imperial China in the 1200s, the area came under Russian rule after the 1858 treaty of Aigun. The village of Permskoye (Пе́рмское) was established in 1860 by migrant peasants from Perm Governorate. In 1932, during the industrialization, heavy industry factories were built here, and the village was granted town status, and, as it was ultimately built as an industrial center by the Communist youth organisation Komsomol, renamed Komsomolsk-on-Amur.

During the 20th century, the city developed into a regional centre for industries such as metallurgy, machinery, oil refining, and shipbuilding. The aircraft construction company Sukhoi has significant works based in the city. It hosts Khurba air base south of the city and Dzemgi air base to the north. The city is served by Komsomolsk-on-Amur Airport

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