is German for Local District Court, situated in Germany
in almost every larger capital of a rural district.
It mainly acts in Civil and Criminal law affairs.
The German Amtsgericht may be compared to the British Magistrates' Court.
The main areas of an Amtsgericht's jurisdiction are:
- court of first instance for civil case where the subject of litigation is worth 5,000 euros or less, and for litigation involving rental agreements, marriages, maintenance and child custody.
- court of first instance for criminal cases where a fine or a prison term of no more than four years can be imposed.
- administration of several public register such as the companies', the associations', the cooperatives' and the land owership register.