|State||Rio de Janeiro|
|Organiser||Rio de Janeiro State Football Federation|
|Number of Teams||16|
|Most successful clubs|| Flamengo (30 times)|
Fluminense (30 times)
|Website||FFERJ Official Website|
The Campeonato Carioca, also known as Campeonato Estadual do Rio de Janeiro, is the football league of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and is one of the most prestigious football national tournaments. It is organized by the Rio de Janeiro State Football Federation.
The first season of the Campeonato Carioca was played in 1906 making it the third oldest league in Brazil, with only the Campeonato Paulista of São Paulo and the Campeonato Baiano of Bahia predating it.
For the first 103 years of championship, Fluminense FC used to be the team with biggest number of conquests. But Flamengo won 2008's edition, finally getting the same number of titles as Fluminense, 30.
In 1906, the first Campeonato Carioca was contested by six clubs: Fluminense, Botafogo, Bangu, Football and Athletic, Payssandu and Rio Cricket. América, despite being one of the league founders, did not contest the league's first edition. Fluminense became the first Rio de Janeiro state champion.
In 1907 the championship ended with Botafogo and Fluminense sharing the first position. As there was no official tie-break criteria on the league rules, both clubs diverged about how to decide the title: Botafogo claimed an extra-match, Fluminense claimed that the league should adopt the goal-average criteria. This crisis led the league to end its activities without declaring a champion. In 1996, after 89 years of argument, both clubs were finally declared champions.
On February 29, 1908, Fluminense, Botafogo, América, Paysandu, Rio Cricket, and Riachuelo founded Liga Metropolitana de Sports Athleticos (LMSA, meaning Metropolitan Athletic Sports League, in English), which organized the Campeonato Carioca of that year. This was won by Fluminense.
In 1937, the Brazilian football clubs became professional teams. On July 29, 1937, FMD and LCF merges, giving birth to the Liga de Football do Rio de Janeiro (which means Rio de Janeiro Football League), also called LFRJ. In 1941, LFRJ changed its name to Federação Metropolitana de Futebol (which means Metropolitan Football Federation), also known as FMF. To celebrate the union, a friendly match between Vasco da Gama and América was played. Because of this match, the matches played between Vasco and América are nicknamed Clássico da Paz, which means Peace Derby, in English.
On September 29, 1978, Federação de Futebol do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro State Football Federation, in English), also known as FERJ, was founded, after Guanabara state's FCF and Rio de Janeiro state's FFD (which means Federação Fluminense de Desportos, or Sports Football Federation, in English) fused.
In 1979, there was an extra Campeonato Carioca which also included the countryside state teams, which, until that year, contested the Campeonato Fluminense. This extra competition, known as Primeiro Campeonato Estadual de Profissionais (First Professionals State Championship, in English) was won by Flamengo, who was also the champion of the regular competition.
In 1996, Taça Cidade Maravilhosa was contested only by clubs from Rio de Janeiro city. This competition was contested by eight teams (América, Bangu, Botafogo, Flamengo, Fluminense, Madureira, Olaria and Vasco da Gama), which played against each other once. Botafogo was the champion, Flamengo being the runners up. In the same year, a state championship was played, which was won by Flamengo.
Taça Guanabara is the first stage of the competition, with the teams divided into two groups. The traditional four prestigious teams, namely, Botafogo, Flamengo, Fluminense and Vasco da Gama are seeded. Two of them would be in one group and the other two would be in the other group. It is possible other teams are also be seeded in some ways, but the seeding criteria is not codified in the regulation and has never been publicly available. The teams then play against each team of the same group once and the top team of each group plays against the second team of the other group in the semi-finals, with the winners qualified for the final.
Taça Rio is the second stage of the competition. Teams are divided into the two same groups of Taça Guanabara, but each team play against every team from the other group once. The top team from each group compete the semi-finals with second team from the opposite group, and winners of the semi-finals compete for the Taça Rio.
The winners of Taça Guanabara and Taça Rio compete in the two-legged Finals of Campeonato Carioca, and the winner is crown the champion of the tournament. If the same team wins both the Taça Guanabara and Taça Rio, it is automatically crowned the champion with no Finals are needed.
|Paysandu||both clubs were declared champions in 1997|
|1912||Paysandu (1)||Flamengo||by LMSA, Liga Metropolitana de Sports Athleticos|
|1912||Botafogo (3)||SC Americano||by AFRJ, Associação de Football do Rio de Janeiro - recognized later as an official championship|
|1923||Vasco da Gama (2)||Flamengo|
|1924||Fluminense (9)||Flamengo||by AMEA, Associação Metropolitana de Esportes Athleticos|
|1924||Vasco da Gama (2)||Bonsucesso||by LMDT, Liga Metropolitana de Desportos Terrestres - recognized later as an official championship|
|1926||São Cristóvão (1)||Vasco da Gama|
|1928||América (4)||Vasco da Gama|
|1929||Vasco da Gama (3)||América|
|1930||Botafogo (6)||Vasco da Gama|
|1931||América (5)||Vasco da Gama|
|1933||Botafogo (7)||Fluminense||by AMEA, Associação Metropolitana de Esportes Athleticos|
|1933||Bangu (1)||Andaraí||by LCF, Liga Carioca de Futebol - recognized later as an official championship|
|1934||Botafogo (8)||Olaria||by AMEA, Associação Metropolitana de Esportes Athleticos|
|1934||Vasco da Gama (4)||São Cristóvão||by LCF, Liga Carioca de Futebol - recognized later as an official championship|
|1935||Botafogo (9)||Vasco da Gama||by FMD, Federação Metropolitana de Desportos|
|1935||América (6)||Fluminense||by LCF, Liga Carioca de Futebol - recognized later as an official championship|
|1936||Vasco da Gama (5)||Madureira||by FMD, Federação Metropolitana de Desportos|
|1936||Fluminense (10)||Flamengo||by LCF, Liga Carioca de Futebol - recognized later as an official championship|
|1939||Flamengo (7)||Vasco da Gama|
|1944||Flamengo (10)||Vasco da Gama|
|1945||Vasco da Gama (5)||Botafogo|
|1947||Vasco da Gama (6)||Botafogo|
|1948||Botafogo (10)||Vasco da Gama|
|1949||Vasco da Gama (7)||Fluminense|
|1950||Vasco da Gama (8)||América|
|1952||Vasco da Gama (9)||Flamengo|
|1956||Vasco da Gama (10)||Fluminense|
|1958||Vasco da Gama (11)||Flamengo|
|1968||Botafogo (15)||Vasco da Gama|
|1970||Vasco da Gama (12)||Fluminense|
|1973||Fluminense (21)||Vasco da Gama|
|1974||Flamengo (17)||Vasco da Gama|
Vasco da Gama
|1976||Fluminense (23)||Vasco da Gama|
|1977||Vasco da Gama (13)||Flamengo|
|1978||Flamengo (18)||Vasco da Gama|
|1979||Flamengo (20)||Vasco da Gama||extra tournament|
|1980||Fluminense (24)||Vasco da Gama|
|1981||Flamengo (21)||Vasco da Gama|
|1982||Vasco da Gama (14)||Flamengo|
|1986||Flamengo (22)||Vasco da Gama|
|1987||Vasco da Gama (16)||Flamengo|
|1988||Vasco da Gama (17)||Flamengo|
|1990||Botafogo (16)||Vasco da Gama|
|1992||Vasco da Gama (18)||Flamengo|
|1993||Vasco da Gama (19)||Fluminense|
|1994||Vasco da Gama (20)||Flamengo|
|1996||Flamengo (24)||Vasco da Gama|
|1997||Botafogo (17)||Vasco da Gama|
|1998||Vasco da Gama (21)||Flamengo|
|1999||Flamengo (25)||Vasco da Gama|
|2000||Flamengo (26)||Vasco da Gama|
|2001||Flamengo (27)||Vasco da Gama|
|2002||Fluminense (29)||Americano FC||sub judice, according to FFERJ|
|2003||Vasco da Gama (22)||Fluminense|
|2004||Flamengo (28)||Vasco da Gama|
|2005||Fluminense (30)||Volta Redonda|
(*)The Paysandu Cricket Club abandoned football activities in 1914. Nowadays it is called Paissandu Atlético Clube, and it is a social club only.