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American Civil War Battles

List of American Civil War battles

The Battles of the American Civil War can be organized in a variety of ways, including chronologically, alphabetically by state, by winner, by casualty statistics, etc. Of the estimated 10,000 occasions in which hostilities occurred, this list (and related articles) includes the 391 battles considered by the United States National Park Service to be the most significant. The American Civil war started in 1861 and ended in 1865.

For lists of battles organized by campaign and theater, see:

Some battles have more than one name; e.g., Antietam vs. Sharpsburg, Bull Run vs. Manassas. A complete list appears in the article Naming the American Civil War.


Major land battles

The ten costliest land battles, measured by casualties (killed, wounded, captured, and missing) were:

Battle (State) Dates Confederate
Commander
Union Commander Conf. Forces Union Forces Victor Casualties
Battle of Gettysburg (Pennsylvania) July 13, 1863 Robert E. Lee George G. Meade 71,699 94,589 Union 51,112
U: 23,049
C: 28,063
Battle of Chickamauga (Georgia) September 1920, 1863 Braxton Bragg William Rosecrans 75,357 61,753 Conf. 34,624
U: 16,170
C: 18,454
Battle of Chancellorsville (Virginia) May 14, 1863 Robert E. Lee Joseph Hooker 60,892 133,868 Conf. 30,099
U: 17,278
C: 12,821
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House (Virginia) May 821, 1864 Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant 52,000 100,000 Conf. 30,399
U: 18,399
C: 12,000
Battle of Antietam (Maryland) September 17, 1862 Robert E. Lee George B. McClellan 65,601 82,654 Union 23,134
U: 12,410
C: 10,724
Battle of the Wilderness (Virginia) May 57, 1864 Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant 61,025 101,895 Conf. 25,416
U: 17,666
C: 11,000
Second Battle of Manassas (Virginia) August 2930, 1862 Robert E. Lee William Pope 48,527 79,862 Conf. 25,251
U: 16,054
C: 9,197
Battle of Stones River (Tennessee) December 31, 1862 Braxton Bragg William S. Rosecrans 44,330 54,448 Union 24,645
U: 12,906
C: 11,739
Battle of Shiloh (Tennessee) April 67, 1862 Albert Sidney Johnston
P.G.T. Beauregard
Ulysses S. Grant 44,968 65,085 Union 23,741
U: 13,047
C: 10,694
Battle of Fort Donelson (Tennessee) February 1316, 1862 John B. Floyd
Simon B. Buckner
Ulysses S. Grant 12,110 20,057 Union 19,455
U: 2,832
C: 16,623

List of battles by date

1861

1862

1863

1864

1865

List of battles by state

Alabama

Battle of Athens
Battle of Day's Gap
Battle of Decatur
Battle of Fort Blakely
Battle of Mobile Bay
Battle of Selma
Battle of Spanish Fort

Arkansas

Battle of Arkansas Post
Battle of Bayou Fourche
Battle of Cane Hill
Battle of Chalk Bluff
Battle of Devil's Backbone
Battle of Elkin's Ferry
Battle of Helena
Battle of Hill's Plantation
Battle of Jenkins' Ferry
Battle of Marks' Mills
Battle of Old River Lake
Battle of Pea Ridge
Battle of Pine Bluff
Battle of Poison Spring
Battle of Prairie D'Ane
Battle of Prairie Grove
Battle of Saint Charles
Battle of Whitney's Lane

Colorado

Battle of Sand Creek

District of Columbia

Battle of Fort Stevens

Florida

Battle of Fort Brooke
Battle of Natural Bridge
Battle of Olustee
Battle of Saint John's Bluff
Battle of Santa Rosa Island
Battle of Tampa

Georgia

Battle of Adairsville
Battle of Allatoona
Battle of Atlanta
Battle of Brown's Mill
Battle of Buck Head Creek
Battle of Chickamauga
Battle of Dallas
Battle of Dalton I
Battle of Dalton II
Battle of Davis' Cross Roads
Battle of Ezra Church
Battle of Fort McAllister I
Battle of Fort McAllister II
Battle of Fort Pulaski
Battle of Griswoldville
Battle of Jonesborough
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Battle of Kolb's Farm
Battle of Lovejoy's Station
Battle of Marietta
Battle of New Hope Church
Battle of Peachtree Creek
Battle of Pickett's Mill
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Ringgold Gap
Battle of Rocky Face Ridge
Battle of Utoy Creek
Battle of Waynesboro

Washington Territory (now in present-day Idaho)

Battle of Bear River (Bear River Massacre)

Indian Territory (now part of Oklahoma)

Battle of Cabin Creek
Battle of Chustenahlah
Battle of Chusto-Talasah
Battle of Honey Springs
Battle of Middle Boggy Depot
Battle of Old Fort Wayne
Battle of Round Mountain

Indiana

Battle of Corydon

Kansas

Battle of Baxter Springs
Battle of Lawrence
Battle of Marais des Cygnes
Battle of Mine Creek

Kentucky

Battle of Barbourville
Battle of Camp Wildcat
Battle of Cynthiana
Battle of Ivy Mountain
Battle of Middle Creek
Battle of Mill Springs
Battle of Munfordville
Battle of Paducah
Battle of Perryville
Battle of Richmond
Battle of Rowlett's Station
Battle of Salyersville

Louisiana

Battle of Baton Rouge
Battle of Bayou Bourbeux (aka Grand Coteau)
Battle of Blair's Landing
Battle of Donaldsonville I
Battle of Donaldsonville II
Battle of Fort Bisland
Battle of Fort De Russy
Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip
Battle of Georgia Landing
Battle of Goodrich's Landing
Battle of Irish Bend
Battle of Kock's Plantation
Battle of LaFourche Crossing
Battle of Mansfield (aka Sabine Cross-Roads)
Battle of Mansura
Battle of Milliken's Bend
Battle of Monett's Ferry
Battle of New Orleans (Civil War)
Battle of Plains Store
Battle of Pleasant Hill
Battle of Port Hudson
Battle of Stirling's Plantation
Battle of Vermillion Bayou
Battle of Yellow Bayou

Maine

Battle of Portland Harbor

Maryland

Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg)
Battle of Boonsborough
Battle of Crampton's Gap
Battle of Folck's Mill
Battle of Funkstown
Battle of Hancock
Battle of Monocacy Junction
Battle of South Mountain
Battle of Williamsport

Minnesota

Mississippi

Battle of Big Black River Bridge
Battle of Brice's Crossroads
Battle of Champion Hill
Battle of Chickasaw Bayou
Battle of Corinth I
Battle of Corinth II
Battle of Grand Gulf
Battle of Iuka
Battle of Jackson
Battle of Meridian
Battle of Okolona
Battle of Port Gibson
Battle of Raymond
Battle of Snyder's Bluff
Battle of Tupelo
Battle of Vicksburg

Missouri

Battle of Athens
Battle of Belmont
Battle of Boonville
Battle of Byram's Ford
Battle of Cape Girardeau
Battle of Carthage
Battle of Clark's Mill
Battle of Cole Camp
Battle of Dry Wood Creek
Battle of Fort Davidson
Battle of Fredericktown
Battle of Glasgow
Battle of Hartville
Battle of Independence I
Battle of Independence II
Battle of Island Number Ten
Battle of Kirksville
Battle of Lexington I
Battle of Lexington II
Battle of Liberty
Battle of Little Blue River
Battle of Lone Jack
Battle of Marmiton River
Battle of Mount Zion Church
Battle of New Madrid
Battle of Newtonia I
Battle of Newtonia II
Battle of Roan's Tan Yard
Battle of Springfield I
Battle of Springfield II
Battle of Westport (named after the town in Missouri)
Battle of Wilson's Creek

New Mexico

Battle of Glorieta Pass
Battle of Valverde
Battle of Peralta

New York

Draft Riots

North Carolina

Battle of Albemarle Sound
Battle of Averasborough
Battle of Bentonville
Battle of Fort Anderson
Battle of Fort Fisher I
Battle of Fort Fisher II
Battle of Fort Macon
Battle of Goldsboro Bridge
Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries
Battle of Kinston
Battle of Monroe's Cross Roads
Battle of Morrisville
Battle of New Berne
Battle of Plymouth
Battle of Roanoke Island
Battle of South Mills
Battle of Tranter's Creek
Battle of Washington
Battle of White Hall
Battle of Wilmington
Battle of Wyse Fork

North Dakota

Battle of Big Mound
Battle of Dead Buffalo Lake
Battle of Killdeer Mountain
Battle of Stony Lake
Battle of Whitestone Hill

Ohio

Battle of Buffington Island
Battle of Salineville

Pennsylvania

Battle of Carlisle
Battle of Fairfield
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Sporting Hill
Battle of Hanover
Battle of Hunterstown

South Carolina

Battle of Aiken
Battle of Anderson
Battle of Broxton Bridge
Battle of Charleston Harbor I
Battle of Charleston Harbor II
Battle of Congaree Creek
Battle of Fort Sumter I
Battle of Fort Sumter II
Battle of Fort Wagner
Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island
Battle of Grimball's Landing
Battle of Honey Hill
Battle of Pocolatigo
Battle of Port Royal
Battle of Rivers' Bridge
Battle of Secessionville
Battle of Simmon's Bluff

Tennessee

Battle of Bean's Station
Battle of Blountsville
Battle of Blue Springs
Battle of Brentwood
Battle of Bull's Gap
Battle of Campbell's Station
Battle of Chattanooga I
Battle of Chattanooga II
Battle of Chattanooga III
Battle of Collierville
Battle of Columbia
Battle of Dandridge
Battle of Dover
Battle of Fair Garden
Battle of Fort Donelson
Battle of Fort Henry
Battle of Fort Pillow
Battle of Fort Sanders
Battle of Franklin I
Battle of Franklin II
Battle of Hartsville
Battle of Hatchie's Bridge
Battle of Hoover's Gap
Battle of Island Number Ten
Battle of Jackson
Battle of Johnsonville
Battle of Memphis I
Battle of Memphis II
Battle of Mossy Creek
Battle of Murfreesboro I
Battle of Murfreesboro II
Battle of Murfreesboro III
Battle of Nashville
Battle of Parker's Cross Roads
Battle of Shiloh
Battle of Spring Hill
Battle of Stones River
Battle of Thompson's Station
Battle of Vaught's Hill
Battle of Wauhatchie

Texas

Battle of Galveston

Battle of Palmito Ranch
Battle of Sabine Pass I
Battle of Sabine Pass II

Vermont

St. Albans raid

Virginia

Battle of Aldie
Battle of Amelia Springs
Battle of Appomattox Courthouse
Battle of Appomattox Station
Battle of Aquia Creek
Battle of Auburn I
Battle of Auburn II
Battle of Ball's Bluff
Battle of Beaver Dam Creek
Battle of Berryville
Battle of Big Bethel
Battle of Blackburn's Ford
Battle of Boydton Plank Road
Battle of Brandy Station
Battle of Bristoe Station
Battle of Buckland Mills
Battle of Bull Run/Manassas I
Battle of Bull Run/Manassas II
Battle of Cedar Creek
Battle of Cedar Mountain
Battle of Chaffin's Farm and New Market Heights
Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Chantilly
Battle of Chester Station
Battle of Cloyd's Mountain
Battle of Cockpit Point
Battle of Cold Harbor
Battle of Cool Spring
Battle of Cove Mountain
Battle of the Crater
Battle of Cross Keys
Battle of Cumberland Church
Battle of Darbytown and New Market
Battle of Darbytown Road
Battle of Deep Bottom I
Battle of Deep Bottom II
Battle of Dinwiddie Court House
Battle of Dranesville
Battle of Drewry's Bluff
Battle of Eltham's Landing
Battle of Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road
Battle of Fisher's Hill
Battle of Five Forks
Battle of Fort Stedman
Battle of Fredericksburg I
Battle of Fredericksburg II
Battle of Front Royal
Battle of Gaines' Mill
Battle of Garnett's & Golding's Farm
Battle of Glendale
Battle of Globe Tavern
Battle of Guard Hill
Battle of Hampton Roads
Battle of Hanover Courthouse
Battle of Hatcher's Run
Battle of Haw's Shop
Battle of High Bridge
Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road
Battle of Kelly's Ford
Battle of Kernstown I
Battle of Kernstown II
Battle of Lewis's Farm
Battle of Lynchburg
Battle of Malvern Hill

Battle of Manassas Gap
Battle of Manassas Station Ops.
Battle of Marion
Battle of McDowell
Battle of Middleburg
Battle of Mine Run
Battle of Morton's Ford
Battle of Namozine Church
Battle of New Market
Battle of North Anna
Battle of Oak Grove
Battle of Old Church
Battle of Opequon
Battle of Peebles' Farm
Battle of Petersburg I
Battle of Petersburg II
Battle of Petersburg III
Battle of Piedmont
Battle of Port Republic
Battle of Port Walthall Junction
Battle of Proctor's Creek
Battle of Rappahannock Station I
Battle of Rappahannock Station II
Battle of Ream's Station I
Battle of Ream's Station II
Battle of Rice's Station
Battle of Rio Hill
Battle of Rutherford's Farm
Battle of Saint Mary's Church
Battle of Salem Church
Battle of Saltville I
Battle of Saltville II
Battle of Sappony Church
Battle of Savage's Station
Battle of Sayler's Creek
Battle of Seven Pines
Battle of Sewell's Point
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Battle of Staunton River Bridge
Battle of Suffolk (Hill's Point)
Battle of Suffolk (Norfleet House)
Battle of Sutherland's Station
Battle of Swift Creek
Battle of Thoroughfare Gap
Battle of Tom's Brook
Battle of Totopotomoy Creek
Battle of Trevilian Station
Battle of Upperville
Battle of Walkerton
Battle of Ware Bottom Church
Battle of Waynesboro
Battle of White Oak Road
Battle of White Oak Swamp
Battle of the Wilderness
Battle of Williamsburg
Battle of Wilson's Wharf
Battle of Winchester I
Battle of Winchester II
Battle of Yellow Tavern
Battle of Yorktown

West Virginia

Battle of Camp Alleghany
Battle of Carnifex Ferry
Battle of Charleston
Battle of Cheat Mountain
Battle of Droop Mountain
Battle of Greenbrier River
Battle of Harpers Ferry
Battle of Hoke's Run
Battle of Kessler's Cross Lanes
Battle of Moorefield
Battle of Philippi Races
Battle of Princeton Courthouse
Battle of Rich Mountain
Battle of Shepherdstown
Battle of Smithfield Crossing
Battle of Summit Point

Troop engagements

This is a chronological summary and record of every engagement between the troops of the Union and of the Confederacy, showing the total losses and casualties in each engagement. It was collated and compiled from the Official Records of the War Department.

This summary has been divided by year:

See also

References

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