Van Everdingen was the son of a government clerk at Alkmaar. He and his older brother, the painter Caesar van Everdingen, if we believe an old tradition, were taught by Roelandt Savery at Utrecht. Allaert wandered in 1645 to Haarlem, where he studied under Pieter de Molyn, and finally settled about 1657 at Amsterdam, where he remained till his death.
He went periodically on visits to Norway, and his works, though scarce, exhibit a broad and sweeping mode of execution, differing but slightly from that transferred at the opening of the 17th century from Jan van Goyen to Salomon van Ruisdael. His etchings have nearly the breadth and effect of those of Everdingen. It is still an open question when de Molyn wielded influence on his clever disciple. Alkmaar, a busy trading place near the Texel, had little of the picturesque for, an artist except polders and downs or waves and sky. Accordingly we find Allart at first a painter of coast scenery. But on one of his expeditions he is said to have been cast ashore in Norway, and during the repairs of his ship he visited the inland valleys, and thus gave a new course to his art.
In early pieces he cleverly represents the sea in motion under varied, but mostly clouded, aspects of sky. Their general intonation is strong and brown., and effects are rendered in a powerful key, but the execution is much more uniform than that of Jacob Ruysdael. A dark scud lowering on a rolling sea near the walls of Flushing characterizes Everdingens Mouth of the Schelde in the Hermitage at St Petersburg. Storm is the marked feature of sea-pieces in the Staedel or Robartes collections; and a strand with wreckers at the foot of a cliff in the Munich Pinakothek may be a reminiscence of personal adventure in Norway. But the Norwegian coast was studied in calms as well as in gales; and a fine canvas at Munich shows fishermen on a still and sunny day taking herrings to a smoking hut at the foot of a Norwegian crag.
The earliest of Everdingen's sea-pieces bears the date of 1640. After 1640 we meet with nothing but representations of inland scenery, and particularly of Norwegian valleys, remarkable alike for wildness and a decisive depth of tone. The masters favorite theme is a fall in a glen, with mournful fringes of pines interspersed with birch, and log-huts at the base of rocks and craggy slopes. The water tumbles over the foreground, so as to entitle the painter to the name of inventor of cascades. It gives Everdingen his character as a precursor of Jacob Ruysdael in a certain form of landscape composition; but though very skilful in arrangement and clever in effects, Everdingen remains much more simple in execution; he is much less subtle in feeling or varied in touch than his great and incomparable countryman.
Wipo Publishes Patent of Koninklijke Philips Electronics for "Electric Lamp with Pin Safety Arrangement" (Dutch Inventors)
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Truth to nature or a brilliant fiction? The exhibition of Ruisdael's landscapes now at the Royal Academy, London, after Los Angeles and Philadelphia, confirms his towering reputation--but, says David Howarth, the artist's remarkable facility for invention is not emphasised enough.(EXHIBITIONS)
Apr 01, 2006; One of the first paintings encountered in this exhibition is the early Wooded Landscape with Cattle (c. 1652; Fig. 2). When not...