Definitions

Alfaro

Alfaro

[ahl-fah-raw]
Alfaro, Flavio Eloy, 1867-1912, president of Ecuador (1897-1901, 1907-11). Regarded as a champion of liberalism, Alfaro introduced legal and economic reforms that largely undid the clerical privileges granted by Gabriel García Moreno. Exiled by the opposition, he returned to lead a revolt but was defeated, imprisoned, and murdered by an angry mob.

The Central Administration Building (left) at University City, Mexico City, with a mosaic by David elipsis

(born Dec. 29, 1896, Chihuahua, Mex.—died Jan. 6, 1974, Cuernavaca) Mexican painter. A Marxist activist since his youth, he fought in the Mexican Revolution alongside Venustiano Carranza, who rewarded him by sponsoring his studies in Europe. Back in Mexico (1922), he began his lifework of decorating public buildings with murals and organizing unions of artists and workers. With Diego Rivera and José Clemente Orozco, he cofounded the renowned school of Mexican mural painting. His activism interrupted his career several times when he was imprisoned, chose self-imposed exile, and fought in the Spanish Civil War. His murals are marked by great dynamism, monumental size and vigour, and a limited colour range subordinated to dramatic effects of light and shadow. His easel paintings (e.g., Echo of a Scream, 1937) helped establish his international reputation. In 1968 he became the first president of the Mexican Academy of Arts.

Learn more about Siqueiros, David Alfaro with a free trial on Britannica.com.

The Central Administration Building (left) at University City, Mexico City, with a mosaic by David elipsis

(born Dec. 29, 1896, Chihuahua, Mex.—died Jan. 6, 1974, Cuernavaca) Mexican painter. A Marxist activist since his youth, he fought in the Mexican Revolution alongside Venustiano Carranza, who rewarded him by sponsoring his studies in Europe. Back in Mexico (1922), he began his lifework of decorating public buildings with murals and organizing unions of artists and workers. With Diego Rivera and José Clemente Orozco, he cofounded the renowned school of Mexican mural painting. His activism interrupted his career several times when he was imprisoned, chose self-imposed exile, and fought in the Spanish Civil War. His murals are marked by great dynamism, monumental size and vigour, and a limited colour range subordinated to dramatic effects of light and shadow. His easel paintings (e.g., Echo of a Scream, 1937) helped establish his international reputation. In 1968 he became the first president of the Mexican Academy of Arts.

Learn more about Siqueiros, David Alfaro with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Alfaro's Rice Rat (Oryzomys alfaroi) is a species of rodent in the Cricetidae family. It is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitats are temperate forests and subtropical or tropical dry forests.

References

  • Baillie, J. 1996. Oryzomys alfaroi 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 19 July 2007.
  • Musser, G. G. and M. D. Carleton. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. Pp. 894-1531 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

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