The Mikhaylovsky Theatre (Mikhailovsky, as stated on the official website, Михайловский театр) is one of the oldest opera and ballet houses in Russia. It was founded in 1833 and is situated in a historical building on the Arts Square in St. Petersburg.
Before the 1917 Revolution the Mikhailovsky did not have its own company: performances were made either by a French company, hired by Russian Imperial Theatres, or by the Mariinsky Theatre and Alexandrinsky Theatre companies. When the Bolsheviks took power, the French company was forced to leave Russia. Shortly after the Mikhailovsky changed its name to Maly Operny (Maly Opera Theatre). New management and artists followed. In 1920-1930 the Maly Operny established itself as one of the leading experimental stages in Russia, new musical theatre. Shostakovich made his debut at the Maly Operny, Samuil Samosud conducted world premiere performances of Shostakovich's The Nose and Lady Macbeth of the Mtsenk District, the famous Vsevolod Meyerhold production of The Queen of Spades was staged there, the world premiere of Prokofiev's epic opera War and Peace took place on the theatre's stage on June 12, 1946.
From 1989 to 2007 the theatre bore the name of Modest Mussorgsky, then it returned to the name Mikhaylovsky Theatre.
The Mikhailovsky Ballet is to make its London debut in July 2008 on the London Coliseum stage.