Definitions

Alexandra

Alexandra

[al-ig-zan-druh, -zahn-]
Alexandra, 1844-1925, queen consort of Edward VII of Great Britain, whom she married in 1863. She was the daughter of Christian IX of Denmark.
Alexandra, Mount, E Africa: see Ruwenzori, mts.
Danilova, Alexandra, 1904?-97, Russian-American ballerina. She entered (1923) the Imperial Ballet School, St. Petersburg, was a member (1924-29) of Diaghilev's Ballet Russe, and prima ballerina (1938-58) of the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo. She toured with her own company and, after retiring, lectured, choreographed, and taught dance. She taught at the School of American Ballet.

Alexandra Danilova in Swan Lake.

(born Nov. 20, 1903, Peterhof, Russia—died July 13, 1997, New York, N.Y., U.S.) Russian-born U.S. ballet dancer and teacher. She attended the Imperial Ballet School in St. Petersburg and became a soloist at the Mariinsky Theatre. In 1924 she joined the Ballets Russes. From 1938 to 1952 she danced with the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, touring worldwide as its prima ballerina. She created leading roles in The Triumph of Neptune, Gaǐté Parisienne, Swan Lake, and Coppélia. After retiring in 1957 she became a full-time faculty member at the School of American Ballet (1964–89). She was instrumental in bringing classical and modern Russian repertoires to the U.S.

Learn more about Danilova, Alexandra (Dionisyevna) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Alexandra Danilova in Swan Lake.

(born Nov. 20, 1903, Peterhof, Russia—died July 13, 1997, New York, N.Y., U.S.) Russian-born U.S. ballet dancer and teacher. She attended the Imperial Ballet School in St. Petersburg and became a soloist at the Mariinsky Theatre. In 1924 she joined the Ballets Russes. From 1938 to 1952 she danced with the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, touring worldwide as its prima ballerina. She created leading roles in The Triumph of Neptune, Gaǐté Parisienne, Swan Lake, and Coppélia. After retiring in 1957 she became a full-time faculty member at the School of American Ballet (1964–89). She was instrumental in bringing classical and modern Russian repertoires to the U.S.

Learn more about Danilova, Alexandra (Dionisyevna) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Russian Aleksandra Fyodorovna orig. Alix, Princess von Hesse-Darmstadt

(born June 6, 1872, Darmstadt, German Empire—died July 16/17, 1918, Yekaterinburg, Russia) Consort of Russia's Tsar Nicholas II. A granddaughter of Queen Victoria, she married Nicholas in 1894 and sought to restore absolute power in the monarchy. Desperate to help her hemophiliac son, Alexis, she turned to the hypnotic powers of Grigory Rasputin, who became her spiritual adviser. In 1915 Nicholas left Moscow to command Russian forces in World War I, and Alexandra dismissed capable ministers and replaced them with nonentities favored by Rasputin. Her misrule contributed to the collapse of the imperial government. After the Bolshevik takeover in the Russian Revolution of 1917, the royal family was imprisoned and later executed.

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Alexandra (Αλεξάνδρα) is the feminine form of the given name Alexander, which is a romanization of the Greek name Αλέξανδρος (Alexandros). Etymologically, the name is a compound of the Greek verb ἀλέξειν (alexein) "to defend" and the noun ἀνδρός (andros), genitive of ἀνήρ (anēr) "man". Thus it may be roughly translated as "protector of man". The earliest attested record of the name is the Mycenaean Alexandra, written in Linear B.

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