Baron Alexander von Stieglitz
(Александр Людвигович Штиглиц) (1814 – 1884) was a Russian
philanthropist and financier. He was the first governor of the State Bank of the Russian Empire
, the predecessor organization to today's Central Bank of the Russian Federation
Early life and education
Stieglitz was born in Saint Petersburg
to banker Baron Ludwig von Stieglitz
who was a founder of the banking-house "Stieglitz and Co". After completing his education at the University of Dorpat
in what is now Tartu
, he entered the state services as a member of the Manufacture council of the Ministry of Finances of the Russian Empire
Businessman and civil servant
After the death of his father, Stieglitz inherited the banking-house and succeeded as a banker of the Emperor. In 1840 – 1850 he successfully sold six 4% government loans
for financing of the Nikolayev railways
and during the Crimean War
secured significant foreign loan. Stieglitz also owned manufacturing enterprises in Narva
and in Catherinehof
In 1846 Stieglitz was elected the chairman of the Exchange's committee. At that post he took part in all financial operation of the Government of the Russian Empire. In 1857 he co-founded the Society of the Russian Railways. In 1860 Stieglitz liquidated all his commercial enterprises and voluntarily withdrew from the post of the chairman of the Exchange's committee.
On 31 May 1860 Emperor Alexander II established the State Bank of the Russian Empire and Stieglitz became its first governor. In 1866 he left the state service.
In 1878 he donated funds to build a museum
for the benefit of students of the Central School of Technical Drawing, which had been established by him earlier.
Stieglitz received numerous awards, including the Order of St. Stanislav
of the 3rd degree, the Order of St. Vladimir
of the 4th degree and the Order of St. Anna
of the 2nd degree.