Alexander Matveyevich Matrosov (Александр Матвеевич Матросов) (1924-1943) was a famous Soviet infantry soldier during World War II. According to Soviet propaganda, on 22 February 1943, in the battle for the village of Chernushki near Pskov, Matrosov threw himself onto a German pill-box, blocking the machine-gun with his own body, to allow his unit to advance. For his self-sacrifice in battle, Matrosov was posthumously awarded the distinction Hero of the Soviet Union. His death was moved from February 27 to 22 to match the day of the creation of the Red Army.
Hind pilots in the Soviet-Afghan War who were tasked with protecting transports flying out of Kabul callled themselves "Mandatory Matrosovs" due to the fact that in some cases, they were ordered to allow themselves to be hit by missiles to protect the transports.