) can refer to a number of people in Greek mythology and history:
- Alcimedon, an Arcadian hero, from whom the Arcadian plain Alcimedon derived its name. He had a daughter named Phillo, by whom Heracles had a son, Aechmagoras, whom Alcimedon exposed, but Heracles saved.
- Alcimedon, one of the Tyrrhenian sailors, who wanted to carry off the infant Dionysus from Naxos, but was metamorphosed, with his companions, into a dolphin.
- Alcimedon, a son of Laerceus, and one of the commanders of the Myrmidons under Patroclus.
- Alcimedon, an embosser or chaser, spoken of by Virgil, who mentions some goblets of his workmanship.