Alba

Alba

[ahl-buh, al-]
Alba or Alva, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, duque de, b. 1507 or 1508, d. 1582, Spanish general and administrator. After a distinguished military career in Germany and Italy, Alba returned to Spain as adviser to King Philip II. Advocating a stern policy toward the rebels against Spain in the Netherlands, he was appointed (1567) captain general there, with full civil and military powers. The regent, Margaret of Parma, opposed him and resigned, and Alba became regent and governor-general. A religious fanatic and ruthless absolutist, he set out to crush the Netherlanders' attempts to gain religious toleration and political self-government. He set up a special court at Brussels, popularly known as the Court of Blood, which spread terror throughout the provinces. Some 18,000 persons were executed (among them the counts of Egmont and Hoorn) and their properties confiscated. Increased taxation also fanned popular resentment, and in 1572 the Netherlanders rebelled again, on a larger scale than before. Alba defeated the invading forces of William the Silent, but he was unable to recover much of the NW Netherlands, which had been taken by the Gueux. In 1573 he was recalled to Spain in disgrace. In 1580, Philip was persuaded to use Alba for the conquest of Portugal. He took Lisbon within a few weeks.
Alba is a city in Jasper County, Missouri, United States. The population was 588 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Alba is located at (37.236228, -94.417228). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 588 people, 184 households, and 142 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,796.2 people per square mile (688.0/km²). There were 202 housing units at an average density of 617.1/sq mi (236.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.39% White, 0.68% African American, 3.23% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.17% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.34% of the population.

There were 184 households out of which 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.8% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 15.5% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,333, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $23,625 versus $16,364 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,588. About 9.5% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 19.4% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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