Abu ‘Abd Allah Zubayr ibn al-Awwam
(أبو عبدالله زبير ابن العوام) was a Sahabi
, or companion, of Muhammad
. He was a very strong fighter. He, along with Khalid ibn Walid
, were the only two people who were able to fight with two swords at the same time, even when on a horse. They would direct the horse with their legs.
Zubayr came from the Banu Asad
, the son of Awwam ibn Khuwaylid
and Saffiyah bint ‘Abd al-Muttalib
. His wife was Asma bint Abu Bakr
, sister of Aisha
. Their son was Abd-Allah ibn Zubayr
and Urwah ibn al-Zubayr
. Ursa ibn al-Zubayr
was also Zubayr's son. Some sources state that the union was in the form of a temporary marriage
Muhammad's era (?-632)
When Zubayr became a Muslim, his uncle is said to have punished him by wrapping him in a mat and passing smoke through his nose .
Abu Bakr's era (632 – 634)
He supported the caliphates of Abu Bakr and Umar. He was one of the ten promised Paradise by the Prophet, He was a companion and supporter of all the rightful caliphs, including Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali.
Umar's era (634-644)
Uthman's era (644–656)
He was part of the council
which elected Uthman
as the third Caliph after the death of Umar.
Ali's era (656–661)
He was murdered by Amr ibn Jarmouz
while praying on his way home from the Battle of the Camel.
When they brought Ali the sword of Zubair, Ali cursed the man who took his life; and called to mind the feats displayed by Zubair in the early battles of Islam, exclaimed:—"Many a time hath this sword driven care and sorrow from the Prophet's brow."
Muslims regard him as one of the Ten Promised Paradise.
Tomb and mosque
Al-Zubayr was, according to tradition, buried in a tomb in the town of Az Zubayr
, and a Sunni mosque was built around the tomb. The mosque, minarets, and other parts of the structure were leveled by a bomb on June 14 2007
, in a reprisal attack following the Al-Askari bombing