The Al Fahd is the first armoured vehicle designed and built in Saudi Arabia and entered production of 100 vehicles for the Saudi Arabian National Guard and Saudi Arabian Army in 1998 and it is an 8 wheeled armoured vehicle. The vehicle is available in two variants:
AF-40-8-1 has the capacity to carry 11 equipped troops plus the driver. The position of the engine in the APC is at the front instead of the rear of the vehicle. A large ramp door (which is not fitted on the fighting vehicle variant) at the rear gives access to the troop compartment.
The APC can be equipped with a turret for weapons up to 40 mm calibre, and also an optional number of firing ports can be installed.
The fuel capacity of the two vehicles is the same. The smaller engine, the Deutz 10 cylinder, 400hp engine, combined with a lower operating empty weight and combat payload, gives a 800 km cruising range, which is 200 km further than that of the fighting vehicle.
For use on prepared roads, only the middle four wheels are powered and steered, and the maximum speed is 90 km/h. 550 l of diesel fuel are carried, giving a maximum range of 600 km.
The vehicle's suspension system is a combined nitrogen gas spring and hydraulic damping system. For weapon firing, a series of valves on the nitrogen gas system is closed to provide a firmer hydraulic suspension system. Once the main weapons are discharged the nitrogen gas system is reinstated into the vehicle suspension system and the vehicle is ready to proceed across the rough battlefield terrain.
An hydraulic amphibious system is available as an option. The maximum amphibious speed is 8 km/h. The hull is water-sealed and airtight.