Two physical forces essential to airplane flight are thrust and lift. Jet engines, such as the elipsis
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Airplane! is a 1980 American comedy film directed and written by David Zucker, Jim Abrahams, and Jerry Zucker. Airplane! starred Robert Hays, Julie Hagerty, Leslie Nielsen, Robert Stack, Lloyd Bridges, Peter Graves, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and Lorna Patterson. For release in Australia, Japan and the Philippines, Airplane! was known as Flying High.
Airplane! was a major financial success, grossing over $83 million in North America alone, against a budget of just $3.5 million. The film's creators received the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Comedy, and nominations for a Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture (Musical/Comedy) and a BAFTA Award for Best Screenplay. Years later, Airplane! was voted as the 10th-funniest American comedy in AFI's "100 Years... 100 Laughs" list and was ranked 6th on Bravo's "100 Funniest Movies".
Leslie Nielsen saw a major boost to his career, and since then has specialized in playing clueless deadpan bumblers, notably in the six-episode TV series Police Squad! and its film follow-ups, the three Naked Gun movies. Lloyd Bridges and Robert Stack saw similar shifts in their public image, though to lesser degrees.
In 2000, the American Film Institute listed Airplane! as #10 on its list of the 100 funniest American films. In the same year, readers of Total Film voted it the second greatest comedy film of all time. It also came second in the British 50 Greatest Comedy Films poll on Channel 4, beaten by Monty Python's The Life of Brian. Some critics claim the movie's most important achievement was ending the Airport series of movies, which could no longer be taken seriously.
Leslie Nielsen's line, "I am serious...and don't call me Shirley," was 79th on AFI's list of the best 100 movie quotes.Foreign reception Airplane! had an interesting reception outside the U.S. Its translated titles carry sly comment on the nature of the film. For example, in Australia and New Zealand it is titled Flying High; in Germany, it became The Unbelievable Flight in a Crazy Airplane (Die unglaubliche Reise in einem verrückten Flugzeug) ; in French, Croatian, Polish and Slovenian, Is There a Pilot on the Plane? (Fr: Y a-t-il un pilote dans l'avion? , Cro: Ima li pilota u avionu?, Pol: Czy leci z nami pilot?, Slo: Ali je pilot v letalu?); in Portuguese (for release in Brazil), Fasten your seatbelts, the pilot is gone (Apertem os cintos, o piloto sumiu); in Italian, it's The craziest plane in the world (L'aereo più pazzo del mondo); in Finnish, it's Hey, we're flying! (Hei, me lennetään!); in Spanish, it was Land if you can (Aterriza como puedas) in Spain and And where is the pilot? (¿Y dónde está el piloto?) in Latin America; in Norway it became Help, we're flying (Hjelp, vi flyr); in Swedish it's Look, we're flying (Titta vi flyger); in Czech it is Fasten your seatbelts, please (Připoutejte se, prosím), in the UK it's still called Airplane! however the correct term is Aeroplane in the UK, this has lead to some people believing the name was misspelled for comedic effect.
The Spanish adaptation Aterriza como puedas set a title pattern for several following parodies: A few examples include The Naked Gun film series, known as Agárralo como puedas, Spy Hard as Espía como puedas, 2001: A Space Travesty as 2001, Despega como puedas, Jane Austen's Mafia! as Mafia, Estafa como puedas.
Airplane! has an impressive 98% "fresh" rating at Rotten Tomatoes.
MaximOnline.com named the airplane crash in Airplane! #4 on its list of "Most Horrific Movie Plane Crashes.
As the film's creators explain in the DVD commentary for Airplane!, they discovered Zero Hour! when they were taping late-night commercials to spoof. They then bought the rights to it. Airplane! lifts its major characters and most of its story line from Zero Hour!. Many of the best known straight lines of Airplane! are repeated verbatim, for example, "Can you face some unpleasant facts?" and "Looks like I picked the wrong week to quit smoking." The "wrong week" line becomes a running gag — as the emergency escalates, so does the potency of the drug ("Looks like I picked the wrong week to quit smoking/drinking/amphetamines/sniffin' glue.")
The scene where emergency vehicles scramble onto the tarmac begins as a direct recreation of a similar sequence in the John Wayne film The High and the Mighty, though the Airplane! version quickly turns absurd as more and more bizarre vehicles join the emergency response.
Other targets of the parody include:
Robert Stack initially played his role differently to what the directors had in mind. They played him a tape of impressionist John Byner "doing" Robert Stack. According to the producers, Stack was "doing an impression of John Byner doing an impression of Stack.
The plane (model and real) used throughout the movie was a TWA Boeing 707 model operating as a fictional airline in the movie called Trans American Airlines; the plane taking off with "The End" credit is not a 707 (which has four engines), but a Boeing 727 tri-jet. The ambient noise of the plane is not a jet but a piston engine, was taken from the soundtrack of Zero Hour!, making it the longest running gag in the movie.
Several other cameos add to the humor through against-type casting. Ethel Merman, in her last film appearance, shows up as a soldier who is convinced he's Ethel Merman. Barbara Billingsley, known as June Cleaver from Leave It to Beaver, makes an appearance as a woman who announces she "speaks jive" and would be willing to translate. Maureen McGovern not only appears in a cameo as Sister Angelina (a spoof of the nun in Airport 1975), but as a play on her involvement as the singer of the Oscar-winning songs for big-budget disaster films, The Poseidon Adventure (1972) ("The Morning After") and The Towering Inferno (1974) ("We May Never Love Like This Again"). Jimmie Walker cameos as the man opening the hood of the plane and checking the oil before takeoff (Walker also had a minor role in the 'serious' air disaster film, The Concorde: Airport '79).
Looking back at the Wrights and flight 100 years after Kitty Hawk. (Resources for the classroom).(Wright Brothers for Kids: How They Invented the Airplane--21 Activities Exploring the Science and History of Flight)(Book Review)
Apr 01, 2003; With 2003 marking the hundredth anniversary of Orville and Wilbur Wright's historic first airplane flight on the beaches of Kitty...
The Wright Brothers For Kids: How They Invented the Airplane--21 Activities Exploring the Science and History of Flight.(Book Review)
May 31, 2003; MARY KAY CARSON In addition to learning a detailed history of Orville and Wilbur Wright's invention of the airplane, readers...
Carson, Mary Kay. The Wright Brothers for Kids: How They Invented the Airplane: 21 Activities Exploring the Science and History of Flight.(Book Review) (book review)
Jun 01, 2003; illus. by Laura D'Argo. 146p. diags. photos. reprods. chron. further reading. glossary. index. Web sites. CIP. Chicago Review....