The agrarian reform laws of Cuba
have sought to break up large landholdings and redistribute them to those who worked them, to cooperatives, and the state. Laws relating to land reform
were implemented in the Cuban Constitution of 1940 and in a series of laws passed between 1959 and 1963.
Constitution of 1940
The Cuban Constitution
of 1940 provided for the breaking up of latifundia
. It was not implemented, however.
Law No. 3 of the Sierra Maestra
No. 3 of the Sierra Maestra was enacted in the Fall of 1958. It was enacted by the rebel forces under the command of Fidel Castro
and implemented only in the "liberated territories" of Eastern Cuba under their control.
First Agrarian Reform Law
The First Agrarian Reform Law was enacted on May 17, 1959.
Second Agrarian Reform Law
The Second Agrarian Reform Law was enacted in October 1963.