Agnes

Agnes

[ag-nis]
Repplier, Agnes, 1858-1950, American essayist, b. Philadelphia. Her essays, esteemed for their scholarship and wit, are collected in several volumes, including Books and Men (1888), Points of Friction (1920), and To Think of Tea! (1932). She also wrote biographical studies of Jacques Marquette (1929), Marie de l'Incarnation (1931), and Junípero Serra (1933), and a historical study of types of humor, In Pursuit of Laughter (1936).
de Mille, Agnes (Agnes George de Mille), 1905-93, American choreographer and dancer, b. New York City; granddaughter of Henry George, daughter of playwright director W. C. de Mille, and niece of Cecil B. De Mille. After her concert debut in 1928, she went to London and worked with Antony Tudor at Marie Rambert's Ballet Club. At the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, she created her first important ballet, Rodeo (1942), which included tap dancing and movements reminiscent of the American West.

De Mille brought ballet form to musical comedy, using dance to enhance the plot and move the story along, first in Oklahoma! (1943), and later in such musicals as Bloomer Girl (1944), Carousel (1945), Brigadoon (1947), and Paint Your Wagon (1951). She created dances for the American Ballet Theatre, notably Fall River Legend (1948), and for films. Choreographing some 15 musicals and 21 ballets, she was a significant force in a new American realism that mingled ballet technique, vernacular movement, and modern psychology.

Although there was more sentimental pleasantness than true originality in de Mille's choreography, her works did much to popularize serious dance with the public. In addition, she was an important spokesperson for governmental and private support for the arts at congressional hearings and other public forums. In 1973 de Mille founded the Heritage Dance Theater, which was based at the North Carolina School of the Arts. A talented writer, de Mille was the author of 12 books including To a Young Dancer (1962), The Book of the Dance (1963), and Martha: The Life and Work of Martha Graham (1991).

See her autobiographies, Dance to the Piper (1952), And Promenade Home (1958), Speak to Me, Dance with Me (1973), and Where the Wings Grow (1978); No Intermissions: The Life of Agnes de Mille (1995) by C. Easton.

Martin, Agnes (Agnes Bernice Martin), 1912-2004, American painter, b. Macklin, Canada. She moved to the United States in 1931, became a U.S. citizen in 1950, and emerged as an important artist in the late 50s and early 60s. Martin is best known for her spare, abstract all-over grid paintings. Penciled on canvases that are monochrome or washed in muted colors, these emotionally evocative works seem to glow with an interior light. Her use of line expresses both strength and delicacy within a restrained yet luminous form. Martin, who came to New York City in 1957 and left it a decade later, settled in New Mexico, and abandoned painting until 1974. Her later works are intimate yet impersonal, and often created in series. They usually contain horizontal bands drawn in graphite and painted in a subtle, limited palette that suggest a shimmering, mysteriously lighted, and depthless space. Among the many public collections that include her paintings are the Museum of Modern Art, Whitney Museum, and Guggenheim Museum, New York City, and the Tate Gallery, London.

See her Writings (1992); study by B. Haskell (1992).

Agnes, Saint, 4th cent., virgin martyr. A noble Roman girl martyred at the age of 13 after rejecting a well-born suitor. She was included in the Depositio Martyrum of 354. On her feast day lambs are blessed and pallia (see pallium) are made from their wool. Feast: Jan. 21.

(born Sept. 18, 1905, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died Oct. 7, 1993, New York City) U.S. dancer and choreographer. She graduated from UCLA, moved back to New York, and soon was touring the U.S. with her own mime-dance concerts (1929–40). In her choreographed works for Ballet Theatre (later American Ballet Theatre), she made innovative use of American themes, folk dances, and idioms; in Rodeo (1942) she used tap dance for the first time in a ballet. She choreographed many Broadway musicals, including Oklahoma! (1943), Carousel (1945), Brigadoon (1947), and Paint Your Wagon (1951), and she wrote several books on dance and an autobiography.

Learn more about de Mille, Agnes (George) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Oct. 24, 1882, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, Eng.—died June 9, 1976, London) British actress. As a member of the Old Vic company in London (1914–18), she became a leading tragic actress. Noted for her versatility in modern and classic plays, she originated the h1 role in George Bernard Shaw's Saint Joan (1924). She managed several London theatres, and she often costarred with her husband, the actor-director Lewis Casson, in her more than five decades in the theatre.

Learn more about Thorndike, Dame (Agnes) Sybil with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(flourished 4th century, Rome; feast day January 21) Legendary Christian martyr, the patron saint of girls. According to tradition, she was a beautiful virgin who turned away all suitors, declaring that she could have no spouse but Jesus. The rejected suitors informed Roman officials that she was a Christian, and she was punished by being exposed in a brothel. There she was left miraculously unharmed; the only man who attempted to violate her was struck blind, and she healed him with prayer. She was later murdered during the persecutions ordered by Diocletian.

Learn more about Agnes, Saint with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Oct. 24, 1882, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, Eng.—died June 9, 1976, London) British actress. As a member of the Old Vic company in London (1914–18), she became a leading tragic actress. Noted for her versatility in modern and classic plays, she originated the h1 role in George Bernard Shaw's Saint Joan (1924). She managed several London theatres, and she often costarred with her husband, the actor-director Lewis Casson, in her more than five decades in the theatre.

Learn more about Thorndike, Dame (Agnes) Sybil with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(flourished 4th century, Rome; feast day January 21) Legendary Christian martyr, the patron saint of girls. According to tradition, she was a beautiful virgin who turned away all suitors, declaring that she could have no spouse but Jesus. The rejected suitors informed Roman officials that she was a Christian, and she was punished by being exposed in a brothel. There she was left miraculously unharmed; the only man who attempted to violate her was struck blind, and she healed him with prayer. She was later murdered during the persecutions ordered by Diocletian.

Learn more about Agnes, Saint with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Sept. 18, 1905, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died Oct. 7, 1993, New York City) U.S. dancer and choreographer. She graduated from UCLA, moved back to New York, and soon was touring the U.S. with her own mime-dance concerts (1929–40). In her choreographed works for Ballet Theatre (later American Ballet Theatre), she made innovative use of American themes, folk dances, and idioms; in Rodeo (1942) she used tap dance for the first time in a ballet. She choreographed many Broadway musicals, including Oklahoma! (1943), Carousel (1945), Brigadoon (1947), and Paint Your Wagon (1951), and she wrote several books on dance and an autobiography.

Learn more about de Mille, Agnes (George) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Agnes is a small town in Victoria, Australia. It is located at the junction of the South Gippsland Highway and Barry Road, close to Corner Inlet. The railway arrived in 1892 and the Post Office opened on 28 December 1915 and closed in 1960.

See also

Agnes railway station

References

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