Achromatic colors

List of colors

The following is a partial list of colors with associated articles. See also color names and the list of color topics.

Note that a large percentage of the color swatches below are taken from computer-domain-specific naming schemes such as X11 or HTML4 (see also web colors). RGB values are given for each swatch, because such standards are defined in terms of the sRGB color space. It is not possible to accurately convert many of these swatches to CMYK values, because of the differing gamuts of the two spaces. But color management systems built in to operating systems and image editing software can attempt such conversions as accurately as possible.

The HSV (Hue, Saturation, Value) values, also known as HSB (Hue, Saturation, Brightness), and Hex Triplets (for HTML Web colors) are also given in the following table. Colors which appear on the Web-safe color palette—which includes the sixteen named colors—are noted. (Those four named colors corresponding to the neutral grays can be rendered with any Hue value, which is effectively ignored.) The appearance of actual color swatches displayed below will vary depending on many parameters, such as the properties of the display device, color management settings, and the viewing surround conditions

Note also that color naming is fuzzy and arbitrary, and varies between people and cultures; no single swatch is adequately representative of any particular color name. Additionally, computer displays have somewhat limited gamut, so many colorful pigments cannot be represented on screen at all, and computer simulation of the natural world is at best a rough approximation.

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Colors by shade

White

White is the combination of all the colors of the visible light spectrum. It is often considered an achromatic color.

Pink

Pink is a tint of red created by adding white.

Red

Red is any of a number of similar colors evoked by light consisting predominantly of the longest wavelengths discernible by the human eye, in the wavelength range of roughly 625–750 nm. It is considered one of the additive primary colors.

Orange

Orange is the color in the visible spectrum between red and yellow with a wavelength around 585 - 620 nm. In the HSV color space it has a hue of around 30º.

Brown

Brown colors are dark shades of reds, oranges, and yellows.

Yellow

Yellow is the color of light with wavelengths predominately in the range of roughly 570-580 nm. In the HSV color space it has a hue of around 60º. It is considered one of the subtractive primary colors.

Gray

Grays are the achromatic colors between black and white.

Green

Green is a color, the perception of which is evoked by light having a spectrum dominated by energy with a wavelength of roughly 520–570 nm. It is considered one of the additive primary colors.

Cyan

Cyan is any of the colors in the blue-green range of the visible spectrum. It is considered one of the subtractive primary colors.

Blue

Blue is a color, the perception of which is evoked by light having a spectrum dominated by energy with a wavelength of roughly 440–490 nm. It is considered one of the additive primary colors.

Violet

Violet is any of the colors, the perception of which is evoked by light having a spectrum dominated by energy with a wavelength of roughly 380-450 nm. It may also refer to some shades of blue and purple.

Web Colors

These are the colors used by computer graphic designers, for web page designing. These colors are displayed on the monitors of computers.

Fictional colors

References

See also

Note

  • Frery, A. C.; Melo, C. A. S. & Fernandes, R. C. Web-Based Interactive Dynamics for Color Models Learning. Color Research and Application, 2000, 25, 435-441.

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