Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani (أحمد خلفان الغيلاني) is a member of the al-Qaeda terrorist organization. He was indicted in the United States as a participant in the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings. He was on the FBI Most Wanted Terrorists list from its inception in October of 2001. In 2004, he was captured and detained by Pakistani forces in a joint operation with the United States. Ghailani is currently held in the Guantanamo Bay detention camp; he is one of the 14 people who had previously been held at secret locations abroad.
At some time in Pakistan or Afghanistan, he married an Uzbek and had children. Many Uzbek Islamists had moved into Pakistan and the woman is thought to be from that group.
On July 25, 2004 a nearly eight hour battle ensued in the town of Gujrat in central Pakistan. Ghailani and thirteen others, included his wife and children, were arrested. A police officer was wounded in the battle. Pakistani Interior Minister Makhdoom Faisal Saleh Hayyat announced the capture of Ghailani on July 29, 2004. The US Government had offered a $5,000,000 USD bounty offered for information leading to the arrest of Ghailani.
Some press reports (including the New Republic) questioned whether the timing of the announcement of Ghailani's capture was politically motivated at the behest of the Bush administration. The announcement was made just hours before U.S. Presidential candidate John Kerry was due to make his acceptance speech at the 2004 Democratic National Convention, an event at which a candidate usually receives a significant boost in the polls. Hayyat made the announcement after midnight local time, despite having apparently known Ghailiani's identity for some days beforehand. Pakistani officials denied there was any such motivation.
Soon after the capture of Ghailani and the others with him, the Boston Globe, quoting a United Nations source, said that Ghailani was one of several al-Qaeda personnel who had been in Liberia around 2001, handling conflict diamonds under the protection of then-dictator Charles Taylor. Ghailani is said to have spent more than three years in Liberia.
The al Qaeda suspect alleged to have been involved in the 1998 United States embassy bombings that killed 11 people faces nine war crimes charges, six of them offenses that could carry the death penalty, if he is convicted by a military tribunal, it was reported on March 31 2008.