is a type of abstract painting
(not to be confused with Abstract Expressionism
, a similar but different movement) where small brushstrokes build and structure large paintings. Small brushstrokes exhibit control of large areas, expressing the artists emotion and focus on inner energy, and sometimes contemplation, creating expressive, lyrical and thoughtful qualities to the paintings. Similar to the brushstrokes of Impressionists
, such as Monet
such as van Gogh
, only tending toward abstract expressionism. Where in the action painting
style of Abstract expressionism
, brushstrokes were often large, and bold, and paint was applied in a rapid outpouring of emotion and energy, the Abstract Impressionist's short and intense brushstrokes or non-traditional application of paints and textures is done slowly and with purpose, using the passage of time as an asset and a technique. Milton Resnick
, Sam Francis
, Richard Pousette-Dart
, and Philip Guston
were notable Abstract Impressionist painters during the 1950s. Canadian artist Jean-Paul Riopelle
(1923-2002) helped introduce abstract impressionism to Paris
in the 1950s.
Elaine de Kooning coined the term "Abstract Impressionism" and it was soon used by critic Louis Finkelstein in an attempt to distinguish for Philip Guston the difference between the two forms. The difference primarily being in approach. The similarity between the two forms however, is in the final outcome – what is acceptable as a finished piece.
Lawrence Alloway held an exhibition of the same name in 1958 and included, among others, Bernard Cohen, Harold Cohen, Sam Francis, Patrick Heron, Nicolas de Staël. A contemporary heir to the Abstract Impressionist form is William B. Duvall, whose Eco-Abstract paintings are done outdoors.