Abrophyllum (Syn.: Brachynema F.Muell.) is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Saxifragaceae sensu lato according to Engler, A. in Engler & Prantl and Schulze-Menz, G. K. in Melchior, 1964; placed in Subfamily Escallonioideae, Tribe Cuttsieae, it is closely related to Cuttsia. In the APG II system Abrophyllum is placed in family Rousseaceae.
The sole species is Abrophyllum ornans.
Its common name is Native Hydrangea, but it does not have great affinity with the true Hydrangea.
It is also classified in Escalloniaceae
2007 ), Rousseaceae
2005, Thorne & Reveal 2007 and Heywood et al.
2007 ), or even in its own family Abrophyllaceae Nakai
It is native to Australia
(New South Wales
: warm-temperate and subtropical rainforest
, especially along smaller watercourses or in gullies
on poorer soils.
or small trees
to 8 m high; leaves
simple, mostly 10-20 cm long, 3-8 cm wide, alternate, large, lanceolate
, long-acuminate, subserrate; without stipules
20-40 mm long. Flowers
in terminal or axillary cymes
, yellowish. Calyx
is short (c. 2 mm long.), tubular
, lobes usually 5 or sometimes 6, deciduous. Petals
4-5 mm long, usually 5 or sometimes 6, valvate, spreading, deciduous. Stamens
usually 5 or sometimes 6, inserted on the margin of the inconspicuous nectary disk; anthers
broad oblong; filaments very short. Gynoecium
of 5 carpels
superior, 5-locular, with numerous axile ovules
sessile, 5-lobed. Fruit
a small (8-12 mm long, 5-7 mm wide),
oblong, dark, mainly black berry
, crowned by the stigma, many-seeded; seeds
small, subglobose, testa deeply latticed; embryo
very small; endosperm
fleshy and oily.
Sometimes (locally) cultivated for its ornamental foliage and fruits.
- Bentham, G. & Hooker, J. D. (1862-1867). Genera Plantarum.Volume I, p. 647. Reeve, London
- Engler, A. (1930). Saxifragaceae. In Engler, A. & Prantl, K.:Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, 18a, 2nd Edition, p. 213. (In German)
- Schulze-Menz, G.K. (1964). Rosales. In H. Melchior (Editor). A. Engler's: Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien, Volume II, 12th edition. Berlin: Gebrüder Borntraeger, pp. 193–242.
- Hutchinson, J.(1967):The Genera of Flowering Plants, Volume II, p. 30.
- Gustafsson, M. H. G. & Bremer, K. (1997). The circumscription and systematic position of Carpodetaceae.Australian Systematic Botany 10(6): 855-862. [It is proposed that the family Carpodetaceae be expanded to encompass Abrophyllum and Cuttsia.]
- Takhtajan, A. (1997). Diversity and classification of flowering plants, 370-373. ISBN 0-231-10098-1
- Hils, M. H. (1985). Comparative anatomy and systematics of twelve woody Australasian genera of the Saxifragaceae. Matthew Hils: Florida xvi, 239, p. - illus. Icones, Anatomy and morphology. Thesis: University of Florida: PhD [including Abrophyllum]