His father, Ahmad Izzat al-Abid, was born in Damascus to a rich family, where he learned, then he continued his education in Beirut, Lebanon. He was fluent in Arabic, French, and Turkish. He traveled to Istanbul and served Sultan ‘Abdu’l-Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire, then became his adviser. He left the Ottoman Empire in 1908 and went to London, before moving around England, Switzerland, and France. Eventually, he went to Egypt where he died in 1924.
Muhammad al-'Abid was born and grew up in Damascus, where he was educated in its primary schools, then continued his education in Beirut. When he graduated, he moved to Istanbul with his family, and entered Galatasaray Lisesi. Then he was sent to Paris, France, and entered the faculty of law. After graduation, he studied the Fiqh.
In 1908, he became the Ottoman Empire's ambassador to Washington. However, he returned to the Ottoman Empire after the declaration of the Ottoman Empire's constitution in 23 July 1908, and after his father escaped from Istanbul. He also went out of it and travelled to California. Then he joined his father traveling between England, Switzerland, France, and Egypt until World War I, as they stayed in Egypt where his father died.