Abell 1835 IR1916 (also known as Abell 1835, Galaxy Abell 1835, or Galaxy Abell 1835 IR1916) is a candidate for being the most distant galaxy ever observed. It lies behind the galaxy cluster Abell 1835, in the Virgo constellation. It was discovered by French and Swiss astronomers of the European Southern Observatory, namely Roser Pelló, Johan Richard, Jean-François Le Borgne, Daniel Schaerer, and Jean-Paul Kneib. The astronomers used a near-infrared instrument on the Very Large Telescope to detect the galaxy; other observatories were then used to make an image of it possible. The Observatory, in conjunction with the Swiss National Science Foundation, the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, and the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics, issued a press release on 1 March 2004 announcing the discovery. It was believed to be more distant than the galaxy lensed by Abell 2218.
Their analysis of J-band observations indicated that Abell 1835 IR1916 has a redshift factor of z~10.0, meaning that it appears to us as it was about 13.2 billion years ago, only 500 million years after the Big Bang and very close to the first burst of star formation in the universe. This redshift also implies a comoving distance from the earth of about 31 billion light years. Its visibility at such a great distance was credited to gravitational lensing by the galaxy cluster Abell 1835 between it and us.
However, further analysis by Weatherley, Warren and Babbedge (2004) of the data that led to the first announcement has cast doubt on the claim that it is a distant object, and follow-up observations in the H-band using the Gemini North Telescope (Bremer et al. 2004) and observations from the orbiting Spitzer Space Telescope (Smith et al. 2006) were not able to detect it at all.
Most distant galaxy in universe discovered Research organization says tiny system is 13.23 billion light-years away
Mar 02, 2004; PARIS -- French and Swiss astronomers say they have detected the farthest galaxy ever observed, a glimmer that dates back to when...