Abel Richard Kiviat (June 23, 1892 — August 24, 1991) was an American middle distance runner who at the time of his death in 1991 was the oldest American Olympic medalist. After high school, he was a member and a coach for the Irish American Athletic Club, and later a member of the New York Athletic Club.
According to his 1910 trading card; "He attracted attention as a runner when attending high school and became so fast that he linked his fortunes to the Irish American Athletic Club in New York and went into training in 1908. The following month at Travers Island, he won the Junior Championship for one mile for the Metropolitan District, making the fast time of 4:24. In the same year he one the Baxter Cup in the Columbia University races at Madison Square Garden, making the fast time of 4:23 2-5. He broke the world's record in the 2,400 yard relay race, his time for his 600 yards being 1:16, and 5:4 for the entire distance. He also won the Canadian mile championship in 1909 and again in 1910.
He set a 1500 m world record of 3:55.8 min in Cambridge, Massachusetts in June 1912. He competed for the U.S. Olympic Team, as a member of the Irish American Athletic Club, and won a silver medal in the 1500 m at the Olympic Games in Stockholm 1912 and competed for the USA in the exhibition baseball tournament in Stockholm. (The gold was won by Arnold Jackson).