The inscription (CIL XIII 7514) on the monument of Abdes Pantera reads:
Judging from the text of the monument, Abdes Pantera was born in Sidonia, which is identified with Sidon in Phoenicia, and joined the Cohors I Sagittariorum (first cohort of archers). The meaning of his Syriac name Abdes is still disputed. Some scholars believe that it means servant (of Isis), while others believe that it was a genuine Syrian name. Pantera is the Latin name for panther. He probably obtained the Roman names Tiberius Iulius when receiving Roman citizenship after completing 25 years of service during the reign of emperor Tiberius between 19 and 37. The Cohors I Sagittariorum was stationed in Iudaea until 9, and in Bingen between 40 and 70. He served 40 years, was probably the standard bearer (signifer) of his cohort and was buried at the age of 62 in Germania Superior.
The link between Celsus's Panthera and Tiberius Iulius Abdes Pantera was first suggested in Marcello Craveri's 1966 book La vita di Gesù. The connection depends on the assumption that Celsus' information about Jesus' illegitimacy was correct, and so a soldier with this name, living at the right period, might be the father. Tiberius Iulius Abdes Pantera's career would place him in Palestine as a young man around the time of Jesus' conception.
Scholars note that Celsus was antagonistic towards Christianity and there could have been a satirical connection between "Panther" and the word "Parthenon" meaning virgin.
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