The Ninth United States Congress
was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States
federal government, composed of the United States Senate
and the United States House of Representatives
. It met in Washington, DC
from March 4 1805
to March 3 1807
, during the first two years of the second administration of U.S. President Thomas Jefferson
The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.
This article supplements the main article with a list of the members by political party.
- Main article: 9th United States Congress
- See also: 9th United States Congress - Membership Changes
- See also: 9th United States Congress - State Delegations
- See also: United States House elections, 1804
The list below is arranged by chamber, then by political party. Members are shown in alphabetical order.
Dates of sessions
March 4 1805
- March 3 1807
Previous congress: 8th Congress
Next congress: 10th Congress
The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated.
Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress.
- John Adair (1757-1840), Kentucky …elected to fill vacancy, November 8 1805, resigned November 18 1806.
- Joseph Anderson (1757-1837), Tennessee
- Abraham Baldwin (1754-1807), Georgia
- Stephen R. Bradley (1754-1830), Vermont
- John Breckinridge (1760-1806), Kentucky …resigned August 7 1805.
- Henry Clay (1777-1852), Kentucky …elected to fill vacancy, December 29 1806.
- John Condit (1755-1834), New Jersey
- James Fenner (1771-1846), Rhode Island
- Daniel Smith (1748-1818), Tennessee
- Israel Smith (1759-1810), Vermont
- John Smith (1735-1824), Ohio
- John Smith (1752-1816), New York
- Samuel Smith (1752-1839), Maryland
- David Stone (1770-1818), North Carolina …resigned about February 17 1807.
- Thomas Sumter (1734-1832), South Carolina
- Buckner Thruston (1763-1845), Kentucky
- James Turner (1766-1824), North Carolina
- Thomas Worthington (1773-1827), Ohio
- Robert Wright (1752-1826), Maryland …resigned November 12 1806.
House of Representatives
Members of the House of Representatives
were elected by popular vote, variously to single member districts or at-large.
- Evan S. Alexander (1767c-1809), North Carolina …elected to fill vacancy, seated February 24 1806.
- Nathaniel Alexander (1756-1808), North Carolina …resigned November 1806.
- Willis Alston (1769-1837), North Carolina
- Isaac Anderson (1760-1838), Pennsylvania
- John Archer (1741-1810), Maryland
- David Bard (1744-1815), Pennsylvania
- Joseph Barker (1751-1815), Massachusetts
- Burwell Bassett (1764-1841), Virginia
- George M. Bedinger (1756-1843), Kentucky
- William W. Bibb (1781-1820), Georgia …elected to fill vacancy, seated January 26 1807.
- Barnabas Bidwell (1763-1833), Massachusetts
- Phanuel Bishop (1739-1812), Massachusetts
- William Blackledge (-1828), North Carolina
- John Blake, Jr. (1762-1826), New York
- Thomas Blount (1759-1812), North Carolina
- John Boyle (1774-1835), Kentucky
- Robert Brown (1744-1823), Pennsylvania
- Joseph Bryan (1773-1812), Georgia …resigned 1806.
- William A. Burwell (1780-1821), Virginia …elected to fill vacancy, seated December 1 1806.
- William Butler, Sr. (1759-1821), South Carolina
- George W. Campbell (1769-1848), Tennessee
- Levi Casey (1752c-1807), South Carolina …died February 3 1807.
- John Chandler (1762-1841), Massachusetts
- John Claiborne (1777-1808), Virginia
- Christopher Clark (1767-1828), Virginia …resigned July 1 1806.
- Joseph Clay (1769-1811), Pennsylvania
- Matthew Clay (1754-1815), Virginia
- George Clinton (1771-1809), New York …elected to fill vacancy from preceding Congress.
- John Clopton (1756-1816), Virginia
- Frederick Conrad (1759-1827), Pennsylvania
- Orchard Cook (1763-1819), Massachusetts
- Leonard Covington (1768-1813), Maryland
- Jacob Crowninshield (1770-1808), Massachusetts
- Richard Cutts (1771-1845), Massachusetts
- Ezra Darby (1768-1808), New Jersey
- John Dawson (1762-1814), Virginia
- William Dickson (1770-1816), Tennessee
- Elias Earle (1762-1823), South Carolina
- Peter Early (1773-1817), Georgia
- Ebenezer Elmer (1752-1843), New Jersey
- John W. Eppes (1773-1823), Virginia
- William Findley (1741/1742-1821), Pennsylvania
- James Fisk (1763-1844), Vermont
- John Fowler (1755-1840), Kentucky
- James M. Garnett (1770-1843), Virginia
- Peterson Goodwyn (1745-1818), Virginia
- Edwin Gray (1743- ), Virginia
- Isaiah L. Green (1761-1841), Massachusetts
- Andrew Gregg (1755-1835), Pennsylvania
- Silas Halsey (1743-1832), New York
- John Hamilton (1754-1837), Pennsylvania
- John A. Hanna (1762-1805), Pennsylvania …died July 23 1805, before Congress assembled.
- William Helms (-1813), New Jersey
- James Holland (1754-1823), North Carolina
- David Holmes (1769-1832), Virginia
- John G. Jackson (1777-1825), Virginia
- Walter Jones (1745-1815), Virginia
- Thomas Kenan (1771-1843), North Carolina
- Nehemiah Knight (1746-1808), Rhode Island
- John Lambert (1746-1823), New Jersey
- Michael Leib (1760-1822), Pennsylvania …resigned February 14 1806.
- Edward Lloyd (1779-1834), Maryland …elected to fill vacancy, seated December 3 1806.
- Christian Lower (1740-1806), Pennsylvania …died December 19 1806, never having qualified.
- John B. C. Lucas (1758-1842), Pennsylvania …resigned before Congress assembled.
- Matthew Lyon (1749-1822), Kentucky
- Nathaniel Macon (1757-1837), North Carolina
- Patrick Magruder (1768-1819), Maryland
- Robert Marion (1766-1811), South Carolina
- Josiah Masters (1763-1822), New York
- William McCreery (1750-1814), Maryland
- Duncan McFarlan (-1816), North Carolina
- Cowles Mead (1776-1844), Georgia …contested elected, served until December 24 1805.
- David Meriwether (1755-1822), Georgia
- Nicholas R. Moore (1756-1816), Maryland
- Thomas Moore (1759-1822), South Carolina
- Jeremiah Morrow (1771-1852), Ohio
- John Morrow (- ), Virginia
- Gurdon S. Mumford (1764-1831), New York …elected to fill vacancy from before beginning of term, seated December 2 1805.
- Roger Nelson (1759-1815), Maryland
- Thomas Newton, Jr. (1768-1847), Virginia
- Joseph H. Nicholson (1770-1817), Maryland …resigned March 1 1806.
- Gideon Olin (1743-1823), Vermont
- Peter Sailly (1754-1826), New York
- Thomas Sammons (1762-1838), New York
- Thomas Sandford (1762-1808), Kentucky
- Martin G. Schuneman (1764-1827), New York
- Ebenezer Seaver (1763-1844), Massachusetts
- James Sloan (-1811), New Jersey
- Dennis Smelt (1750c- ), Georgia …elected to fill vacancy, seated December 26 1806.
- John Smilie (1741-1812), Pennsylvania
- John Smith (1750-1836), Virginia
- O'Brien Smith (1756c-1811), South Carolina
- Samuel Smith (- ), Pennsylvania …elected to fill vacancy, seated December 2 1805.
- Henry Southard (1747-1842), New Jersey
- Thomas Spalding (1774-1851), Georgia …contested elected, seated December 24 1805, resigned 1806.
- Richard Stanford (1767-1816), North Carolina
- Joseph Stanton, Jr. (1739-1807), Rhode Island
- David Thomas (1762-1831), New York
- Daniel D. Tompkins (1774-1825), New York …resigned before Congress assembled.
- Philip R. Thompson (1766-1837), Virginia
- Uri Tracy (1764-1838), New York
- Abram Trigg (1750- ), Virginia
- Philip Van Cortlandt (1749-1831), New York
- Joseph Bradley Varnum (1750/1751-1821), Massachusetts
- Daniel C. Verplanck (1762-1834), New York
- Matthew Walton (-1819), Kentucky
- John Whitehill (1729-1815), Pennsylvania
- Robert Whitehill (1738-1813), Pennsylvania …elected to fill vacancy, seated December 2 1805.
- Eliphalet Wickes (1769-1850), New York
- David R. Williams (1776-1830), South Carolina
- Marmaduke Williams (1774-1850), North Carolina
- Nathan Williams (1773-1835), New York
- Alexander Wilson (- ), Virginia
- Richard Winn (1750-1818), South Carolina
- Joseph Winston (1746-1815), North Carolina
- Thomas Wynns (1764-1825), North Carolina
- Silas Betton (1768-1822), New Hampshire
- James M. Broom (1776-1850), Delaware
- John Campbell (1765-1828), Maryland
- Martin Chittenden (1763-1840), Vermont
- Samuel W. Dana (1760-1830), Connecticut
- John Davenport (1752-1830), Connecticut
- Theodore Dwight (1764-1846), Connecticut …elected to fill vacancy, seated December 1 1806.
- James Elliott (1775-1839), Vermont
- Caleb Ellis (1767-1816), New Hampshire
- William Ely (1765-1817), Massachusetts
- Calvin Goddard (1768-1842), Connecticut …resigned in 1805, before Congress assembled.
- Charles Goldsborough (1765-1834), Maryland
- Roger Griswold (1762-1812), Connecticut …resigned in 1805, before Congress assembled.
- Seth Hastings (1762-1831), Massachusetts
- David Hough (1753-1831), New Hampshire
- James Kelly (1760-1819), Pennsylvania
- Joseph Lewis, Jr. (1772-1834), Virginia
- Henry W. Livingston (1768-1810), New York
- John Cotton Smith (1765-1845), Connecticut …resigned August 1806.
- William Stedman (1765-1831), Massachusetts
- Lewis B. Sturges (1763-1844), Connecticut …elected to fill vacancy, seated December 10 1805.
- Samuel Taggart (1754-1825), Massachusetts
- Benjamin Tallmadge (1754-1835), Connecticut
- Samuel Tenney (1748-1816), New Hampshire
- Thomas W. Thompson (1766-1821), New Hampshire
- Killian K. Van Rensselaer (1763-1845), New York
- Peleg Wadsworth (1748-1829), Massachusetts
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.