Definitions

85th Congress

84th United States Congress

The Eighty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3 1955 to January 3 1957, during the last two years of the first administration of U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower.
The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Seventeeth Census of the United States in 1950. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Dates of sessions

January 3 1955January 3 1957

Previous: 83rd Congress • Next: 85th Congress

Major events

Major legislation

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL: 96

House of Representatives

TOTAL: 435

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1958; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1960; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1956.

Alabama

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Robert Humphreys (D)
John Sherman Cooper (R)

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Thomas A. Wofford (D)
James Strom Thurmond (D)

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

William R. Laird, III (D)
W. Chapman Revercomb (R)

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

See also: Members of the United States House of Representatives
See also: United States Congressional Delegations by state

Alabama

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

John Dingell (D)

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket

New York

James C. Healey (D)

North Carolina

North Dakota

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Vacant May 26, 1956 - November 5, 1956
Kathryn E. Granahan (D), elected to fill vacancy, installed November 6, 1956

Vacant November 27, 1955 - January 23, 1956
Elmer J. Holland (D), elected to fill vacancy, installed January 24, 1956

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

House of Representatives

  • Replacements: 5
  • Deaths: 9
  • Resignations: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 12

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

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