The Seventy-first United States Congress
was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States
federal government, consisting of the United States Senate
and the United States House of Representatives
. It met in Washington, D.C.
from March 4 1929
to March 3 1931
, during the first two years of the administration of U.S. President Herbert C. Hoover
The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Fourteenth Census of the United States in 1920. Both chambers had a Republican majority. The 71st congress saw the most special elections of any congress with 27 in all.
Dates of sessions
March 4 1929
- March 3 1931
Previous congress: 70th Congress
Next congress: 72nd Congress
The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.
- House of Representatives
- Main article: Events of 1929; Events of 19306; Events of 1931
- Main article: List of United States federal legislation in the 71st Congress
- 1929-02-18 - Migratory Bird Conservation Act, ch. 257,
- 1929-06-15 - Agriculture Marketing Act, ch. 24,
- 1930-06-17 - Hawley-Smoot Tariff, ch. 497, , (including: Title III, Plant Patent Act, )
- 1929-06-18 - Reapportionment Act of 1929, ch. 28,
This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.
- See also: 71st United States Congress - political parties
- See also: 71st United States Congress - State Delegations
- See also: United States Senate elections, 1928
- See also: United States House elections, 1928
Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers
, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1934; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1932.
- See also: United States Senators
- See also: United States Congressional Delegations by state
House of Representatives
The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket
or otherwise at-large,
are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.
Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.
- See also: Members of the United States House of Representatives
- ''See also: United States Congressional Delegations by state
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- vacant to end
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
- Alaska Territory
- Hawaii Territory
- Philippines Territory
- Puerto Rico Territory
Changes in membership
The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.
- replacements: 9
- deaths: 5
- resignations: 3
- interim appointments: 6
- Total seats with changes: 9
- House of Representatives
- replacements: 26
- deaths: 25
- resignations: 6
- contested election: 1
- Total seats with changes: 32
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.