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71st United States Congress

71st United States Congress

The Seventy-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4 1929 to March 3 1931, during the first two years of the administration of U.S. President Herbert C. Hoover.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Fourteenth Census of the United States in 1920. Both chambers had a Republican majority. The 71st congress saw the most special elections of any congress with 27 in all.

Dates of sessions

March 4 1929 - March 3 1931

Previous congress: 70th Congress
Next congress: 72nd Congress

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 96

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Major events

Main article: Events of 1929; Events of 19306; Events of 1931

Major legislation

Main article: List of United States federal legislation in the 71st Congress

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

See also: 71st United States Congress - political parties
See also: 71st United States Congress - State Delegations
See also: United States Senate elections, 1928
See also: United States House elections, 1928

Senate

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1934; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1932.
See also: United States Senators
See also: United States Congressional Delegations by state

Senate

Alabama



Arizona



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida



Georgia



Idaho



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana

Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri



Montana



Nebraska



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New Mexico



New York



North Carolina



North Dakota

Ohio



Oklahoma



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont



Virginia



Washington



West Virginia



Wisconsin



Wyoming

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

See also: Members of the United States House of Representatives
''See also: United States Congressional Delegations by state

Alabama



Arizona



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida



Georgia



Idaho



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine

Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri



Montana



Nebraska



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New Mexico



New York

vacant to end



North Carolina



North Dakota

Ohio



Oklahoma



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont



Virginia



Washington



West Virginia



Wisconsin



Wyoming



Delegates

Alaska Territory



Hawaii Territory



Resident Commissioners

Philippines Territory



Puerto Rico Territory

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.
Senate

  • replacements: 9
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 3
  • interim appointments: 6
  • Total seats with changes: 9

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 26
  • deaths: 25
  • resignations: 6
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 32

Officers

Senate

Other

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links


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