The 37th TRW provides basic military, professional and technical skills, and English language training for the Air Force, other military services, government agencies, and allies.
Its four primary training functions graduate more than 86,000 students annually.
The current commander of the 37th Training Wing is Brigadier General Len Patrick.
In addition, the 37th Training Wing staff agencies provide a variety of support services for wing and tenant units at Lackland AFB.
On 1 March 1967, the 37th Tactical Fighter Wing was activated in place at Phu Cat Air Base, South Vietnam to become the host unit. The 37th TFW received its manpower and equipment from various units transferred from the United States and elsewhere, and tactical operations did not commence until mid-April. The newly-formed wing was assigned to Seventh Air Force.
Its attached squadrons were:
The 416th TFS was deployed from the 3d TFW at Bien Hoa AB, Det 1, 612th TFS from the 35th TFW at Phan Rang AB. On 15 April, the 37TFW began combat operations with strikes by 416TFS (F-100D aircraft) en route from Bien Hoa Air Base to their new home. On 8 June, Det 1., 612th TFS began operations, also after flying a mission en route from their former home at Phan Rang Air Base. By 28 February 1968, the 37th TFW squadrons completed 18,000 combat hours and 13,000 combat sorties without a major aircraft accident.
In the spring of 1968, the two squadrons of the 37th TFW were augmented by two additional squadrons deployed from the United States:
The 174th TFS was federalized Air National Guard personnel and aircraft from the 185th Tactical Fighter Group of the Iowa ANG at Sioux City MAP; the 355th TFS was deployed from the 354th TFW at Myrtle Beach AFB South Carolina. The wing was then composed of four F-100 combat squadrons with approximately 90 aircraft being assigned.
As 355th TFS personnel completed their TDY that same month the personnel and aircraft returned to Myrtle Beach AFB. They were replaced by Air National Guardsmen from New Jersey and Washington DC, who were manning Myrtle Beach at the time. These newly deployed personnel were sent to Tuy Hoa Air Base along with their F-100 D/F aircraft.
In the spring of 1969, the 416th TFS and it's F-100s were transferred to Tuy Hoa Air Base, while Det 1., 612th TFS was returned to the 35th TFW, now at Phan Rang Air Base. Two F-4D squadrons were transferred from Da Nang Air Base replaced them:
The US withdrawals from Vietnam continued during 1970, resulting in the inactivation of 37th TFW at Phu Cat AB on 31 March.
When reactivated in 1981 the 37th gained assets of 35th Tactical Fighter Wing at George Air Force Base, California. Now equipped with F-4G "Wild Weasel" radar suppression aircraft the 37th became the Air Force's only "Wild Weasel" training wing, it provided instructor pilots and qualified aircrews for the other two "Wild Weasel" wings in the Philippines and Germany. The wing participated in numerous tactical, maritime, and electronic warfare exercises emphasizing hunter/killer tactics, suppression of enemy air defenses, force escort operations and dissimilar air combat training with US Armed Forces, Air National Guard and Reserves, and various allies. It served as an advisor to Air National Guard units from 30 March 1981 – 30 March 1984. The 37th won the United States Air Force Worldwide Fighter Gunnery Meet in both 1985 and 1987.
It turned over F-4G aircraft to 35th Tactical Fighter Wing and moved to Tonopah Test Range, Nevada, without personnel and equipment on 5 October 1989, absorbing the manpower, equipment, and the world's first Stealth fighter, the F-117 Nighthawk, of the former 4450th Tactical Group. The wing trained to integrate stealth technology with more conventional methods of combat operations.
The 37th Tactical Fighter Wing began deploying to Southwest Asia in August 1990 as part of Operations Desert Shield/Storm. 36 F-117s deployed from the base at Tonopah. On 17 January 1991, Stealth fighters hit 26 high-value Iraqi targets in and around Baghdad. The wing continued interdiction missions throughout the war. The Nighthawk conducted more than 1,250 sorties, dropped more than 2,000 tons of bombs and flew more than 6,900 hours. It Served as a member of Central Air Forces' post-Desert Storm task force in Southwest Asia. On 1 October 1991, the wing was redesignated as the 37th Fighter Wing.
In January 1990, Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney proposed that the stealth fighters be relocated from Tonopah, to Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico's Tularosa Basin. In April 1990, the F-117 was placed on public display for the first time at Nellis Air Force Base, Nev. Some 150,000 people saw the aircraft that day, including families who hadn’t been allowed to know what their parents and spouses were doing between the time they flew away Monday morning and returned home Friday afternoon. After years of operations at Tonopah, the F-117s were redeployed to Holloman AFB, New Mexico in May/June 1992, where they became part of the 49th Fighter Wing.
With the transfer of all it's assets to the 49th FW, the 37th Fighter Wing was inactivated on 8 July 1992.