The year 1977 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- Douglas Adams begins writing for BBC radio.
- V. S. Naipaul declines the offer of a CBE.
- Christopher Tolkien, with Guy Gavriel Kay, completes and publishes his father's work, The Silmarillion.
- Philosophy and Literature, an academic journal that explores the connections between literary and philosophical studies by presenting ideas on the aesthetics of literature, critical theory, and the philosophical interpretation of literature, is founded.
- January 14 - Anaïs Nin, novelist and diarist
- February 27 - John Dickson Carr, crime novelist
- April 7 - Jim Thompson, pulp fiction author
- April 11 - Jacques Prévert, poet
- July 2 - Vladimir Nabokov, Russian/American novelist
- September 4 - E. F. Schumacher, Small is Beautiful author
- September 12 - Robert Lowell, poet
- October 27 - James M. Cain, novelist, newspaperman
- November 10 - Dennis Wheatley, occult novelist
- November 30 - Terence Rattigan, dramatist
- December 22 - Frank Thiess, German writer
Rest of the World