The first World Scout Jamboree was organized by The Boy Scout Association in London. With exceptions for the war years, it has been organized approximately every four years, in the more recent years by the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM), in different locations over the world. The 21st World Scout Jamboree in 2007 was held in Hylands Park, Essex, United Kingdom, and celebrated the Centenary of Scouting.
The Scouting programme became an international success following its founding by Baden-Powell in 1907. With is continuing growth, the founder of the movement saw a need for a gathering of representatives of Scouting from all around the world. The general aim was to foster a worldwide brotherhood, and to help the young boys in the movement learn about other peoples and nations by direct interaction with them.
However, the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 delayed any plans for such an event. It was not until 1920 that the first World Scout Jamboree could be realized. It was held in the Olympia halls in Kensington, London. 8,000 Scouts from 34 countries attended the event.
Thereafter, a Jamboree has been held every four years. There are two exceptions to this series: no Jamboree was held between 1937 and 1947 because of the Second World War, and the 1979 Jamboree, which was to be held in Iran, was cancelled due to the political upheaval in the region at that time. The Jamboree has been held in different countries around the world. The first seven Jamborees were held in Europe. The eighth World Jamboree was held in North America where the tradition of moving the Jamboree among the continents began. As yet, the continent of Africa is the only one which has not hosted a World Scout Jamboree.
To replace the cancelled event of 1979, the World Scout Committee determined that an alternative celebration, the Jamboree of the Year should take place. Several regional camps took place, along with countless Join-in-Jamboree activities — designed to allow Scouts from around the world to participate in an activity that thousands of other Scouts around the world were also participating in at the same time. This Join-in programme is being reproduced again as part of the Scouting 2007 Centenary celebrations.
So far, the greatest attendance of all Jamborees was in 1929, where over 50,000 members from around the world descended upon Birkenhead in the north-west of England. This number represented the permanent contingent who remained for the entire event. They were joined by hundreds of thousands of visiting Scouts who participated on a day basis.
The first Jamboree was more akin to an exhibition of Scouting, allowing visitors to see how things were done in other parts of the world. The Second Jamboree was conducted on a camp basis and each successive Jamboree has developed on this format where the programme is typically more activity oriented, with plenty of time for Scouts from different nations to interact and learn about each other in less formal ways than an exhibition would allow.
The 2007 Jamboree coincided with the Scouting Centenary celebrations. Because of this, the honour of hosting the event was again bestowed upon the United Kingdom, as the birthplace of Scouting. Over 40,000 young people camped in August at Hylands Park in Chelmsford, Essex. Hundreds of thousands of day visitors attended events in the south-east of England as part of the Jamboree.
The next Jamboree will be in 2011 in Sweden, the Jamboree in 2015 will be in Japan.
Amateur radio operators from all over the world participate with over 500,000 Scouts and Guides to teach them about radio and to assist them to contact their fellow Scouts and Guides by means of amateur radio and since 2004, by the VOIP-based Echolink. Scouts and Guides are also encouraged to send paper or electronic confirmations known as "QSL cards" (Or "eQSL's" when they are sent electronically.) This provides the Scouts and Guides with a means of learning about fellow Scouts and Guides from around the world. It is an adjunct to the World Scout Jamboree.
The event is recognized as one of international participation by the various Scout and Guide organisations, and supports several awards which are a part of Scouting and Guiding programmes.
Jamboree on the Internet, known by its acronym JOTI, is an international Scouting activity held annually. Participants, through the use of designated Chats from all over the world, can contact their fellow scouts by means of the Internet. Common communication methods include ScoutLink (IRC), e-mail, and VOIP. This provides the Scouts with a means of learning about fellow Scouts from around the world. JOTI.org reports that JOTI had over 4,000 participants online at one time in 2005.
In November 1996 the World Scout Committee, noting that Scouting already had a considerable presence on the Internet, and that there was already an informal and rapidly growing Jamboree on the Internet, decided that JOTI should become an official international Scouting event, and that it should be held on the same weekend as the Jamboree on the Air (JOTA).
Special Internet jamborees may also be organized in conjunction with local, national and international Scouting events which are held at other times of the year.
Following on the idea of the Join-in events from the World Jamboree Year, Jamboree on the Trail (or JOTT), is simply a co-ordinated event where Scouts around the world simultaneously participate in local hikes. It takes place in May on an annual basis.
This type of event allows Scouts to take part in activities at the same time as other Scouts, promoting the idea of the Scouting brotherhood. Participants are awarded a JOTT badge as a recognition of having participated in this worldwide event.
|1920||1st World Scout Jamboree||Olympia, Kensington, London, United Kingdom||8,000|
|1924||2nd World Scout Jamboree||Ermelunden, Denmark||4,549|
|1929||3rd World Scout Jamboree||Birkenhead, United Kingdom||Coming of Age||30,000|
|1933||4th World Scout Jamboree||Gödöllő, Hungary||25,792|
|1937||5th World Scout Jamboree||Vogelenzang, Bloemendaal, Netherlands||28,750|
|1947||6th World Scout Jamboree||Moisson, France||Jamboree of Peace||24,152|
|1951||7th World Scout Jamboree||Bad Ischl, Austria||Jamboree of Simplicity||12,884|
|1955||8th World Scout Jamboree||Niagara-on-the-Lake, Canada||New Horizons||11,139|
|1957||9th World Scout Jamboree||Sutton Park, United Kingdom||50th Anniversary of Scouting||30,000|
|1959||10th World Scout Jamboree||Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines||Building Tomorrow Today||12,203|
|1963||11th World Scout Jamboree||Marathon, Greece||Higher and Wider||14,000|
|1967||12th World Scout Jamboree||Farragut State Park, United States||For Friendship||12,011|
|1971||13th World Scout Jamboree||Fujinomiya, Japan||For Understanding||23,758|
|1975||14th World Scout Jamboree||Lillehammer, Norway||Five Fingers, One Hand||17,259|
|1979||(15th World Scout Jamboree)||Neyshâbûr, Iran||cancelled|
|1983||15th World Scout Jamboree||Calgary, Canada||The Spirit Lives On||14,752|
|1987-1988||16th World Scout Jamboree||Sydney, Australia||Bringing the World Together||14,434|
|1991||17th World Scout Jamboree||Soraksan, South Korea||Many Lands, One World||20,000|
|1995||18th World Scout Jamboree||Flevoland, Netherlands||Future is Now||28,960|
|1998-1999||19th World Scout Jamboree||Picarquín, Chile||Building Peace Together||31,000|
|2002-2003||20th World Scout Jamboree||Sattahip, Thailand||Share our World, Share our Cultures||24,000|
|2007||21st World Scout Jamboree||Hylands Park, United Kingdom|| One World, One Promise|
|2011||22nd World Scout Jamboree||Rinkaby, Sweden||Simply Scouting|
|2015||23rd World Scout Jamboree||Kirarahama, Japan||A Spirit of Unity|
|World Scout Jamboree||Jamboree on the Air||Jamboree on the Internet||Jamboree on the Trail|