125th Street (Metro-North station)

Hudson Line (Metro-North)

Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line is a commuter rail line running north from New York City along the east shore of the Hudson River. Metro-North service ends at Poughkeepsie, with Amtrak's Empire Corridor trains continuing north to and beyond Albany. The line was originally the Hudson River Railroad (and the Spuyten Duyvil and Port Morris Railroad south of Spuyten Duyvil), and later part of the famous Water Level Route of the New York Central Railroad.

The Croton-Harmon station divides the two segments of the line. South of there, it is electrified, with a third rail, where it serves suburban stations located more closely together. Most of the electrified zone is served by four tracks, usually two express and two local tracks in each direction. In some sections, there are only three tracks.

North of Croton-Harmon, the line is mostly double-tracked, with a few three-track areas. The diesel trains that run to the more separated stops between Croton-Harmon and Poughkeepsie are generally express routes that skip most of the lower stations. From just north of Spuyten Duyvil to the end of the line, the Hudson Line is shared with Amtrak's various routes up the river.

Metro-North is planning to build a new station to handle traffic for the new Yankee Stadium, which is projected to open in 2009.

Since the tracks continue north of Poughkeepsie, there have, over the years, been various proposals from both the MTA (Metro-North's parent agency), to extend service northwards. Most have been scotched after strong opposition from residents of northern Dutchess County, who fear the effect on their still largely-rural communities that being within an easy rail commute of midtown Manhattan would have. However, Poughkeepsie-area commuters have supported such plans since they would ease pressure on that station. As recently as January 2007, supervisors of some towns north of Poughkeepsie have expressed new interest in extending rail service.


The Metropolitan Transportation Authority leased the line south of Poughkeepsie from Penn Central on June 1, 1972.

Station stops

State Locality Milepost Station Connections
New York Manhattan 0.0 Grand Central Terminal NYC Transit: 4, 5, 6, 7, 42 Street Shuttle, M42, M101, M102, M103, M104
4.2 Harlem-125th Street NYC Transit: 4, 5, 6, M60, M100, M101, Bx15
Manhattan/Bronx border
Bronx 8.1 Morris Heights NYC Transit: Bx18, Bx40, Bx42
8.7 University Heights NYC Transit: Bx12
9.8 Marble Hill NYC Transit: 1, Bx7, Bx9, Bx20
11.1 Spuyten Duyvil Hudson Rail Link
13.0 Riverdale Hudson Rail Link
Bronx/Westchester County border
Yonkers 14.3 Ludlow Bee-Line: 32
15.1 Yonkers Bee-Line: 6, 9, 25, 32
16.2 Glenwood
17.8 Greystone
Hastings-on-Hudson 19.5 Hastings-on-Hudson
Dobbs Ferry 20.7 Dobbs Ferry Bee-Line: 66
Irvington 21.7 Ardsley-on-Hudson
22.7 Irvington
Tarrytown 25.2 Tarrytown Tappan Zee Express, Bee-Line: 1T, 13, T
Sleepy Hollow 26.5 Philipse Manor
Scarborough 29.5 Scarborough
Ossining 30.8 Ossining Haverstraw-Ossining Ferry, Bee-Line: 13, 19
Croton-on-Hudson 33.2 Croton-Harmon Bee-Line: 10, 11, 14
Electrified rail ends northbound, begins southbound
Cortlandt Manor 38.4 Cortlandt Bee-Line: 14
Peekskill 41.2 Peekskill Bee-Line: 16, 18
Westchester County/Putnam County border
Manitou 46.0 Manitou
Garrison 49.9 Garrison
Cold Spring 52.5 Cold Spring
Putnam County/Dutchess County border
Town of Fishkill 55.0 Breakneck Ridge
Beacon 59.0 Beacon Dutchess LOOP: 3, 3B, 41 Newburgh-Beacon Shuttle,
Newburgh-Beacon Ferry
New Hamburg 65.0 New Hamburg Dutchess LOOP: 31, 32
Poughkeepsie 73.5 Poughkeepsie Dutchess LOOP: 11, 12, 21, 22, City of Poughkeepsie Transit
Ulster-Poughkeepsie LINK
Line continues northward as CSX's Hudson Subdivision

Line description

Despite its name, the Hudson Line does not reach the river until it has gone 11 miles (18 km) and six stations from Grand Central. Once along the river, however, the view is nearly constant, with it visible much of the way to Poughkeepsie. It is one of the more scenic routes of any commuter train.

Manhattan and the Bronx

Once past 125th Street and over the Harlem River, the Hudson Line departs from the track shared with the Harlem and New Haven lines, passing first the employee-only Highbridge stop as it follows the river northward and, at first, the Major Deegan Expressway. Morris Heights, the first real station, offers convenient access to Roberto Clemente State Park between the tracks and the river as the line follows a remaining section of the New York and Putnam Railroad.

A new Yankee Stadium Station is planned south of University Heights. Between University Heights and Marble Hill, a spur of track, all that remains at this end of the "Old Put", splits off to the north. It is used by the commuter railroad for storage and repair of maintenance-of-way vehicles.

Marble Hill, technically in Manhattan despite being on the mainland, is an express stop and sees quite a bit of traffic since it offers an easy transfer to the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway at the Marble Hill–225th Street station. The subway is elevated over Broadway at this point. With the MNRR tracks down by the river requiring those detraining to climb stairs to street level, it is a rare instance where a commuter rail line is below a subway in elevation at a station or station where transfers are possible.

A short curve away brings the trains to Spuyten Duyvil and its far lengther stairs to the street. Just past the station, the track rejoins the original Hudson River Railroad, shared with Amtrak, and after one more stop at Riverdale is out of the city.

Westchester County

The Palisades present themselves across the river as trains pass through the city of Yonkers and its four stops, mostly local. Some express trains do stop at the recently-renovated Yonkers station, the first where a transfer to Amtrak (northbound only) is possible.

Smaller, local-only suburban stations are passed as the Tappan Zee Bridge looms to the north and the river widens. Finally, between Ardsley and Tarrytown, it passes overhead. Rockland County fades to almost three miles (4.8 km) away across Haverstraw Bay. But after passing through Sing Sing prison, the train reaches Ossining, where a ferry brings travelers across the wide river.

Electric trains end their runs one stop beyond, at Croton-Harmon, a sprawling, modern terminal shared again with Amtrak just south of Harmon Yard and east of Croton Point. The tracks veer inland, closely following US 9, to the next and newest stop, Cortlandt, the only non-New York City station on the line where the Hudson River cannot be seen.

It reappears dramatically at Peekskill, the last stop in the county, where the Bear Mountain Bridge can be seen to the north.

Putnam and Dutchess Counties

North of Peekskill the river abruptly narrows as the Hudson Highlands begin. Dunderberg and Bear mountains can be seen across the river. The train passes through two short tunnels, one under the Bear Mountain Bridge abutment. Putnam County's first station, Manitou, is a flag stop serving a small hamlet. Just north of Garrison, there is another tunnel and then a wide panorama of the stone buildings of West Point; the quaint riverside village of Cold Spring is the next stop, last in the county.

The Dutchess County line is crossed in a pair of 842-foot (257 m) tunnels under Breakneck Ridge at Breakneck Point; across the river Storm King looms. The Breakneck Ridge flag stop marks the end of the Highlands as the river once again broadens around Newburgh Bay. At Beacon, a stop that has become more popular since the opening of the art museum nearby, ferry service is available during peak hours to Newburgh, whose skyline dominates the view across the river, and shortly after leaving the train passes under the Newburgh-Beacon Bridge.

Just upriver is New Hamburg, a hamlet of the Town of Poughkeepsie and a station closed in the NYCRR days but eventually reopened. The last 8.5 miles to Poughkeepsie's ornate, recently renovated station, highlighted by the vast Tilcon quarry, is the longest distance between any two stations on a Metro-North main line.

Rolling stock

Electric service from and to Croton-Harmon uses the standard M3 and M7 multiple units seen on the Metro-North Harlem line and the Long Island Rail Road. 30 M1s remain in use, and can also appear in service on the Hudson line. Diesel trains are headed by Genesis P32AC-DMs. Since turning the locomotives around at either end of the line would be extremely cumbersome and time-consuming, trains use push-pull operation, with the locomotive usually on the north end of the train. They usually pull/push six or seven Shoreliner passenger cars, with a cab car at the southern end of the train.

The Genesises are mostly in Metro-North's sedate silver-and-blue colors, but sometimes the more striking red, black and white scheme inherited from the New York and New Haven Railroad can be seen as equipment on the line is pooled with ConnDOT, whose red-striped passenger coaches are also in wide use on the Hudson Line. The Genesises will receive a new paint scheme this year.

External links

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