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Treaty of Lunéville

The Treaty of Lunéville was signed on February 9, 1801 between the French Republic and the Holy Roman Empire by Joseph Bonaparte and Count Ludwig von Cobenzl, respectively.

The Austrian army had been defeated by Napoleon at the Battle of Marengo on June 14, 1800 and then by Moreau at the Battle of Hohenlinden on December 3. Forced to sue for peace they signed another in a series of treaties. The treaty marked the end of the Second Coalition; Britain was the sole nation still fighting with France. The Treaty of Lunéville declared that "there shall be henceforth and forever, peace, amity, and good understanding". The treaty required Austria to enforce the conditions of the earlier Treaty of Campo Formio (October 17, 1797). Certain Austrian holdings in Germany were to be relinquished and the Austrian Emperor was to renounce all claims to the Holy Roman Empire, French control was extended up to the left bank of the Rhine "in complete sovereignty" while they renounced possession of territories east of the Rhine. Contested boundaries in Italy were set and the Grand Duchy of Tuscany went to the French, with the duke compensated in Germany. The two parties agreed to respect the independence of the Batavian, Cisalpine, Helvetic and Ligurian republics. In northern Italy, the two semi-independent bishoprics of Trento and Bressanone/Brixen were secularized and annexed to Austria. The Austrians re-entered the Napoleonic Wars in 1805.

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