Net-centric: (adj.) (Also spelled "netcentric"): Participating as a part of a continuously-evolving, complex community of people, devices, information and services interconnected by a communications network to achieve optimal benefit of resources and better synchronization of events and their consequences.
In military connotation frequently associated with terms "Net-centric Operations (NCO)" and "Net-centric Warfare (NCW)". Many people use the terms "net-centric" and "network-centric" interchangibly. Some consider "network-centric" to refer to activities within a particular network and "net-centric" to refer to activities that cross networks.)
Many experts believe the terms "information-centric" or "knowledge-centric" would capture the concepts more aptly because the objective is to find and exploit information, the network itself is only one of several enabling factors. The best commercial practitioners of globally distributed supply chain management employ net-centric methods.
Netcentric, or "network
-centric", refers to participating as a part of a continuously-evolving, complex community of people, devices
interconnected by a communications network
to optimize resource management and provide superior information on events and conditions needed to empower decision makers. Many experts believe the terms "information-centric" or "knowledge-centric" would capture the concepts more aptly because the objective is to find and exploit information
, the network itself is only one of several enabling factors along with sensors
, data processing
, expert analysis systems
and intelligent agents
, and information distribution. The best commercial practitioners of globally distributed supply chain management
and customer relationship management
employ net-centric methods. Netcentric warfare is also a tenet of modern information warfare
A NetCentric Enterprise Architecture is defined in lay terms as a: "massively distributed architecture with components and/or services available across and throughout an enterprise's entire lines-of-business."
The formal definition of a "NetCentric Enterprise Architecture" is: "A NetCentric Enterprise Architecture is a light-weight, massively distributed, horizontally-applied architecture, that distributes components and/or services across an enterprise's information value chain using Internet Technologies and other Network Protocols as the principal mechanism for supporting the distribution and processing of information services."
Net-Centricity in the U.S. Department of Defense
The Concept of Network Centric Warfare was famously introduced to the U.S. Department of Defense by David Alberts, Vice Admiral Art Cebrowski, and John Gartska in a series of articles beginning in the late 1990s. The United States Department of Defense
established the net-centric model as the architectural foundation for its Global Information Grid
(GIG) concept for integrating all DoD information systems with Department of Defense Directive (DoDD) 8500.1 and Department of Defense Instruction 8500.2. Compliance with DoD Architectural Framework
is required by Net-Centric Operations and Warfare policy and intends to provide for a consistent architectural model that will enable information sharing and component re-use across the Department of Defense. The DoD vision of net-centric warfare targets a Service-Oriented Architecture
model and associated extensive use of XML
and other web service standards.