In England table-turning became a fashionable diversion and was practised all over the country in the year 1853. Dr. John Elliotson and his followers attributed the phenomena to mesmerism. The general public were content to find the explanation of the movements in spirits, animal magnetism, odic force, galvanism, electricity, or even the rotation of the earth. James Braid, W. B. Carpenter and others pointed out, however, that the phenomena could depend upon the expectation of the sitters, and could be stopped altogether by appropriate suggestion. Faraday devised some simple apparatus which conclusively demonstrated that the movements he investigated were due to unconscious muscular action. The apparatus consisted of two small boards, with glass rollers between them, the whole fastened together by india-rubber bands in such a manner that the upper board could slide under lateral pressure to a limited extent over the lower one. The occurrence of such lateral movement was at once indicated by means of an upright haystalk fastened to the apparatus. When by this means it was made clear to the experimenters that it was the fingers which moved the table, not the table the fingers, the phenomena generally ceased.
In France, Allan Kardec studied the phenomenon and concluded that some messages were caused by an outside intelligence as the message contained information that was not known (see the Book on Mediums).
THE OTHER SIDE OF THE TABLE TURNING THE TABLES THE SERVER CELEBRATES THE TIPS OF VICTORY AND THE AGONY OF 'DA FEET
Jun 16, 1989; PHOTO - 4 (1 COLOR PHOTO RAN ON PAGE 1) Z Raja El Rayes Bon Appetit, Crown Point (Photo by Mark Davis) Deanna Depung on her...