riddle canon

List of compositions by Ludwig van Beethoven

The musical works of Ludwig van Beethoven (17701827) are known by various designations, including:

Two overlapping lists of Beethoven's works follow below. The first is a listing of works classified by genre. The second is a more exhaustive list of works, classified by the various numbering systems. Genres, subgroups of works, and individual pieces with dedicated articles on Wikipedia are linked. Years in parentheses denote dates of composition or publication.

List of works by genre

Orchestral music

Beethoven may be most famous for his nine symphonies. He also wrote several concertos, mostly for his own performance, as well as other orchestral music, principally overtures and incidental music for theatrical productions, and works to mark various occasions.


  • Opus 21: Symphony No. 1 in C major (composed 1799-1800, premièred 1800)
  • Opus 36: Symphony No. 2 in D major (composed 1801-02, premièred 1803)
  • Opus 55: Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major ("Eroica") (composed 1803, premièred 1804)
  • Opus 60: Symphony No. 4 in B-flat major (composed 1806, premièred 1807)
  • Opus 67: Symphony No. 5 in C minor (composed 1805-08, premièred 1808)
  • Opus 68: Symphony No. 6 in F major ("Pastoral") (composed 1805-08, premièred 1808)
  • Opus 92: Symphony No. 7 in A major (composed 1811-12, premièred 1813)
  • Opus 93: Symphony No. 8 in F major (composed 1811-12, premièred 1814)
  • Opus 125: Symphony No. 9 in D minor ("Choral") (composed 1817-24, premièred 1824)

What was once believed by some to be an early Symphony by Beethoven, the "Jena" Symphony in C major, is now thought to be by Friedrich Witt.

Beethoven is believed to have intended to write a Tenth Symphony in the last year of his life; a performing version of possible sketches was assembled by Barry Cooper.


Other works for soloist and orchestra

Overtures and occasional music

  • Opus 43: The Creatures of Prometheus, overture and ballet music (1801)
  • Opus 62: Coriolan Overture (1807)
  • Overtures composed for Beethoven's opera Fidelio:
  • Opus 72: Fidelio Overture (1814)
  • Opus 72a: Leonore Overture "No. 2" (1805)
  • Opus 72b: Leonore Overture "No. 3" (1806)
  • Opus 138: Leonore Overture "No. 1" (1807)
  • Opus 84: Egmont, overture and incidental Music (1810)
  • Opus 91: Wellington's Victory ("Battle Symphony") (1813)
  • Opus 113: Die Ruinen von Athen (The ruins of Athens), overture and incidental music (1811)
  • Opus 117: König Stephan (King Stephen), overture and incidental music (1811)
  • Opus 115: Zur Namensfeier Overture (Feastday) (1815)
  • Opus 124: Die Weihe des Hauses Overture (Consecration of the House) (1822)

Chamber music

Beethoven's string quartets are nearly as famous as his symphonies. He also wrote chamber music for several other types of ensembles, including piano trios, string trios, and sonatas for violin and cello with piano, as well as works with wind instruments.

String quartets



Works listed in order of composition:

String quintets


Piano trios

String trios

Chamber music with winds

Sonatas for solo instrument and piano

Violin sonatas

Cello sonatas

Horn sonatas

Solo piano music

In addition to the 32 celebrated sonatas, Beethoven's work for solo piano includes many one-movement pieces, notably the sets of variations, and the bagatelles.

Piano sonatas



  • Opus 33: Seven Bagatelles (1802)
  • Opus 119: Eleven new Bagatelles (1822)
  • Opus 126: Six Bagatelles (1823)
  • WoO 52: Presto (Bagatelle) for piano in C minor (1795, rev. 1798 and 1822)
  • WoO 53: Allegretto (Bagatelle) for piano in C minor (1796-97)
  • WoO 54: Lustig-Traurig (Bagatelle) for piano in C major (1802)
  • WoO 56: Allegretto (Bagatelle) for piano in C major (1803, rev. 1822))
  • WoO 59: Poco moto (Bagatelle) in A minor, "Für Elise" (c. 1810))
  • WoO 60: Ziemlich lebhaft (Bagatelle) for piano in B-flat major (1818))

Vocal music

While he completed only one opera, Beethoven wrote vocal music throughout his life, including two Mass settings, other works for chorus and orchestra (in addition to the Ninth Symphony), arias, duets, art songs (lieder), and one of the first true song cycles.


  • Opus 72: Leonore (1805) The first version in three acts
  • Opus 72: Leonore (1806) The second version in two acts
  • Opus 72: Fidelio (1814) The final version in two acts



List of works by number

History of the various numbering systems

For cataloguing purposes, pieces by Beethoven are identified in four ways:

  • by opus number. These were assigned by his publishers, and follow the order in which his works were published, rather than the order they were written. This is why, for example, the Wind Octet of 1792 can be Opus 103, when Opus 102 and Opus 104 were written in 1815 and 1817 respectively. Some opus numbers comprise multiple pieces, thus 172 works are divided among 138 opus numbers. Everything up to and including Opus 135 was published in Beethoven's lifetime; later numbers were published posthumously.
  • by WoO (Werke ohne Opuszahl – literally, "works without opus number") number. These were assigned by Georg Kinsky and Hans Halm (who took over from Kinsky after his death) in their 1955 catalogue of Beethoven's works. The 205 WoO numbers are assigned by categories.
  • by AnH number - 18 works listed in the appendix (German: Anhang, hence the abbreviation) of Kinsky's catalogue as being either doubtfully attributed, or simply spurious. Some of those listed as doubtful have since been shown to be authored by Beethoven.
  • by Hess (abbreviated to H) number. These were assigned by Willy Hess in a listing published shortly after Kinsky's which includes pieces not included in the 19th century Complete edition published by Breitkopf and Härtel. Hess includes many more fragmentary works than does Kinsky; and his catalog runs to 335 entries in the "Hauptkatalog", and 66 "doubtful and falsely-attributed" works in an appendix. Many pieces have both WoO and H numbers - in these cases, WoO numbers are generally favoured over Hess numbers.

There is also the Biamonti catalogue, compiled by Giovanni Biamonti and published in 1968. This combines the pieces with opus numbers and all the works from Kinsky's and Hess' catalogue with hitherto uncatalogued fragments to make a single chronological listing, in 849 entries, some encompassing multiple pieces. Biamonti's numbers, however, are rarely used.

Most of Beethoven's best-known pieces have opus numbers, but there are exceptions, one of the most notable being "Für Elise", WoO 59.

Works with opus numbers

Works without opus numbers

Works with WoO numbers

Both numbers and categories are from the Kinsky catalog of 1955. WoO is an abbreviation of "Werke ohne Opuszahl", German for "Works without Opus number".
Instrumental works: WoO 1-86
Orchestral works Orchestra alone

  • WoO 1: Musik zu einem Ritterballett (Music for a ballet on horseback) – eight movements
  • WoO 2a: Triumphal March for orchestra for Christoph Kuffner's tragedy Tarpeja
  • WoO 2b: Prelude to Act II of Tarpeja
  • WoO 3: "Gratulations-Menuett", minuet for orchestra



  • WoO 7: Twelve minuets for orchestra
  • WoO 8: Twelve German Dances for orchestra (later arranged for piano)
  • WoO 9: Six minuets for two violins and cello
  • WoO 10: Six minuets for orchestra (original version lost, only an arrangement for piano is extant)
  • WoO 11: Seven Ländler for two violins and cello (original version lost, only an arrangement for piano is extant)
  • WoO 12: Twelve minuets for orchestra (probably spurious, actually by Beethoven's brother Carl)
  • WoO 13: Twelve German Dances for orchestra (only a version for piano is extant)
  • WoO 14: Twelve contredanses for orchestra
  • WoO 15: Six Laendler for two violins and cello (also arranged for piano)
  • WoO 16: Twelve Ecossaises for orchestra (probably spurious)
  • WoO 17: Eleven "Mödlinger Tänze" for seven instruments (probably spurious)

Marches and dances for winds

  • WoO 18: March for Military Band (trio added later)
  • WoO 19: March for Military Band (trio added later)
  • WoO 20: March for Military Band (trio added later)
  • WoO 21: Polonaise for Military Band
  • WoO 22: Ecossaise for Military Band
  • WoO 23: Ecossaise for Military Band (only a piano arrangement by Carl Czerny is extant)
  • WoO 24: March for Military BandChamber works

Without piano

  • WoO 25: Rondo for 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 horns and 2 bassoons (original finale of the Octet, opus 103) (1792)
  • WoO 26: Duo for two flutes
  • WoO 27: Three duets for clarinet and bassoon (possibly spurious)
  • WoO 28: Variations for two oboes and cor anglais on "Là ci darem la mano" from Mozart's opera Don Giovanni
  • WoO 29: March for wind
  • WoO 30: Three Equale for four trombones — Vocal arrangements of these were performed at Beethoven's funeral.
  • WoO 31: Fugue for organ
  • WoO 32: Duo for viola and cello, "mit zwei obligaten Augengläsern" ("with two obbligato eyeglasses")
  • WoO 33: Five pieces for mechanical clock or flute
  • WoO 34: Duet for two violins
  • WoO 35: Canon for two violins

With piano

Sonatas and single-movement works

  • WoO 47: Three piano sonatas (E-flat major, F minor, D major) ("Kurfürsten Sonatas") (1783)
  • WoO 48: Rondo for piano in C major (1783)
  • WoO 49: Rondo for piano in A major (1783)
  • WoO 50: Piano Sonata in F major (1790-92)
  • WoO 51: Piano Sonata in C major (1797-98, fragment)
  • WoO 52: Presto (Bagatelle) for piano in C minor (1795, rev. 1798 and 1822)
  • WoO 53: Allegretto (Bagatelle) for piano in C minor (1796-97)
  • WoO 54: Lustig-Traurig (Bagatelle) for piano in C major (1802)
  • WoO 55: Prelude for piano in F major (1803)
  • WoO 56: Allegretto (Bagatelle) for piano in C major (1803, rev. 1822))
  • WoO 57: Andante Favori – original middle movement from Piano Sonata No. 21 (Waldstein) (1805)
  • WoO 58: Cadenzas for 1st and 3rd movements of Mozart's D minor Piano Concerto (K. 466)
  • WoO 59: Poco moto (Bagatelle) in A minor, "Für Elise" (c. 1810))
  • WoO 60: Ziemlich lebhaft (Bagatelle) for piano in B-flat major (1818))
  • WoO 61: Allegretto for piano in B minor (1821)
  • WoO 61a: Allegretto quasi andante in G minor (1825)
  • WoO 62: String Quintet in C major (Fragment, Piano Transcription)



  • WoO 81: Allemande for piano in A major
  • WoO 82: Minuet for piano in E-flat major
  • WoO 83: Six Ecossaises for piano and orchestra
  • WoO 84: Waltz for piano in E-flat major
  • WoO 85: Waltz for piano
  • WoO 86: Ecossaise for piano in E-flat major

Vocal works: WoO 87-205
Cantatas, choruses and arias with orchestra

  • WoO 87: Cantata on the Death of Emperor Joseph II
  • WoO 88: Cantata on the Accession of Emperor Leopold II
  • WoO 89: Aria "Prüfung des Küssens"
  • WoO 90: Aria "Mit Mädeln sich vertragen"
  • WoO 91: Two arias for Die Schöne Schusterin
  • WoO 92: Aria "Primo Amore"
  • WoO 92a: Aria "No, non turbati"
  • WoO 93: Duet "Nei giorni tuoi felice"
  • WoO 94: "Germania," aria with chorus in B-flat major
  • WoO 95: Chorus for the Congress of Vienna
  • WoO 96: Incidental Music to Leonore Prohaska
  • WoO 97: "Es ist vollbracht" for Die Ehrenpforten
  • WoO 98: "Wo sich die Pulse," chorus for The Consecration of the HouseWorks for multiple voices with piano accompaniment, or unaccompanied
  • WoO 99: Italian Partsongs
  • WoO 100: Musical joke for three voices "Lob auf den Dicken"
  • WoO 101: Musical joke for three voices and chorus "Graf, Graf, liebster Graf"
  • WoO 102: Chorus for male voices "Abschiedsgesang"
  • WoO 103: Cantata Un lieto Brindisi
  • WoO 104: "Gesang der Moenche" from Schiller's Wilhelm Tell for three male voices
  • WoO 105: Song for solo voice, chorus and piano "Hochzeitslied"
  • WoO 106: Birthday Cantata for Prince LobkowitzLieder and songs for solo voice and piano
  • WoO 107-130: Twenty-four songs
  • WoO 131: Unfinshed song "Erlkönig"
  • WoO 132: Song "Als die Geliebte sich trennen wollte"
  • WoO 133: Song "In questa tomba oscura"
  • WoO 134: Song "Sehnsucht" in four settings
  • WoO 135-151: Seventeen SongsFolksong arrangements for one or more voices, with piano trio accompaniment
  • WoO 152: Twenty-five Irish folksongs
  • WoO 153: Twenty Irish folksongs
  • WoO 154: Twelve Irish folksongs
  • WoO 155: Twenty-six Welsh folksongs
  • WoO 156: Twelve Scottish folksongs
  • WoO 157: Twelve folksongs of various nationalities
  • WoO 158a: Twenty-three continental folksongs
  • WoO 158b: Seven British folksongs
  • WoO 158c: Six assorted folksongs
  • WoO 158d: "Air Français"Vocal canons
  • WoO 159-198: Forty-three CanonsMusical jokes, quips, and dedications
  • WoO 199: Musical joke "Ich bin der Herr von zu"
  • WoO 200: Piano Exercise "O Hoffnung!"
  • WoO 201: Musical joke "Ich bin bereit!"
  • WoO 202: Riddle canon "Das Schöne zu dem Guten" (first version)
  • WoO 203: Riddle canon "Das Schöne zu dem Guten" (second version)
  • WoO 204: Musical joke "Holz, Holz, Geigt die Quartette So"
  • WoO 205: Ten musical quips (Kinsky's word is "Notenscherze") from Beethoven's letters

Works with Anhang (AnH) numbers

Doubtfully or spuriously attributed to Beethoven, from the Appendix (Anhang) of Kinsky's catalog.

  • AnH 1: Symphony in C major ("Jena") – now attributed to Friedrich Witt
  • AnH 2: Six string quartets
  • AnH 3: Piano Trio in D major
  • AnH 4: Flute Sonata in B-flat major
  • AnH 5: Two Piano Sonatinas
  • AnH 6: Rondo for piano in B-flat major

AnH 7 through 18 are works not written by Beethoven, which were formerly falsely attributed to him.

Selected works with Hess (H) numbers

(Numbers assigned by Willy Hess)
Note: This section does not include those works which also have WoO numbers, which are instead listed above.

  • H 12: Oboe Concerto in F (fragment only)
  • H 13: Romance in E minor for 3 soloists and orchestra
  • H 15: Piano Concerto No. 6 (unfinished)
  • H 19: Wind quintet in E-flat major
  • H 28: Movement in A-flat major for string trio
  • H 29: Prelude and Fugue for String Quartet
  • H 30: Prelude and Fugue for String Quartet
  • H 31: Prelude and Fugue for String Quartet
  • H 33: Minuet for string quartet
  • H 34: String Quartet arrangement of Opus 14 No. 1
  • H 36: Handel Fugue arranged for String Quartet
  • H 38: Bach Fugue arranged for String Quartet
  • H 39: String Quintet in F major (lost)
  • H 40: Movement in D minor for String Quintet
  • H 46: Violin Sonata in A major
  • H 48: Allegretto in E-flat major for piano trio
  • H 64: Fugue for keyboard
  • H 65: Concerto excerpt (arrangement of Opus 37)
  • H 69: Bagatelle in C minor for piano
  • H 87: March for piano (arrangement of WoO 29)
  • H 88: Minuet for piano (arrangement of Hess 33)
  • H 89: Musik zu einem Ritterballett (Music for a ballet on horseback) (piano arrangement of WoO 1)
  • H 90: The Creatures of Prometheus (piano arrangement of Opus 43)
  • H 91: Opferlied (piano arrangement of Opus 121b)
  • H 92: Bundeslied (piano arrangement of Opus 122)
  • H 93: "Freudvoll" (piano accompaniment for Opus 84)
  • H 97: Wellington's Victory ("Battle Symphony") (piano arrangement of Opus 91)
  • H 99: March for piano (arrangement of WoO 18)
  • H 107: Grenadier's March
  • H 108: Wellington's Victory ("Battle Symphony") (panharmonicon arrangement of Opus 91)
  • H 115: Vestas Feuer (unfinished Opera)
  • H 118: Music for The Consecration of the House (from Opus 113)
  • H 133: Folksong
  • H 134: Folksong
  • H 137: Song "Ich wiege dich" (lost)
  • H 139: Song "Minnesold" (lost)
  • H 143: Song "An die Freude" (lost)
  • H 152-207: Folksong settings
  • H 208-232: Italian partsongs
  • H 233-246: Counterpoint exercises
  • H 274-277: Four Canons
  • H 297: Adagio for three horns
  • H 300-301: Two Canons

Additional works

There are some works which are not even listed in the above catalogues. They include:



Catalogues and bibliographies

  • Biamonti, Giovanni. Catologo cronologo e tematico delle opere di Beethoven. Torino: ILTE, 1968.
    —Encompasses works with and without opus numbers, as well as sketches and fragments, in 849 chronologically arranged entries.
  • Green, James (ed. and trans). The new Hess catalog of Beethoven’s works. West Newbury, Vermont: Vance Brook, 2003. ISBN 0-964-05703-4.
    —An English translation of Willy Hess's important 1957 catalogue and study, updated to reflect more recent scholarship.
  • Hess, Willy. Verzeichnis der nicht in der Gesamtausgabe verö ffentlichen Werke Ludwig van Beethovens. Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1957.
    —Hess's original study and catalogue; still more widely available in libraries than Green's edition.
  • Johnson, Douglas and Scott G. Burnham. "Beethoven, Ludwig Van (Works)", Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Subscription access). Accessed 2007-04-19.
    —Includes categorized works list with bibliographical and other information.
  • Kinsky, G. and H. Halm. Das Werk Beethovens: thematisch-bibliographisches Verzeichnis seiner sämtlichen vollendeten Kompositionen. München: G. Henle, 1955.
    —The standard thematic and bibliographical catalogue of Beethoven's works.
    —Full title (translated): Beethoven's Works: thematic and bibliographic catalogue of all his completed compositions by Georg Kinsky, completed and edited after the author's death by Hans Helm.
  • Nottebohm, Gustav. Thematisches Verzeichnis der im Druck erschienenen Werke von Ludwig van Beethoven. Leipzig, Breitkopf & Hä rtel, 1925 . Reprinted Wiesbaden: M. Sändig, 1969 .
    —Historically important thematic catalogue, by a pioneering 19th Century Beethoven scholar.
  • Solomon, Maynard. Beethoven (1st edition). New York: Schirmer, 1977. ISBN 0-02-872460-7. pp. 372, 386-391.
    —Popular biographical study; includes bibliographical notes and (incomplete) works lists.Works collections
  • Ludwig van Beethovens Werke: Vollständige kritisch durchgesehene überall berechtigte Ausgabe. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel,
    vols i–xxiv, 1862–65; vol xxv (supplement), 1888.
    —Original critical "complete works" edition, commonly known as the Beethoven Gesamtausgabe.
  • Beethoven: Sämtliche Werke: Supplemente zur Gesamtausgabe, ed. W. Hess. Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1959.
    —Hess's supplement to the 19th century Breitkopf edition.
  • Beethovens Werke: neue Ausgabe sämtlicher Werke, ed. Joseph Schmidt-Görg, Martin Staehelin, et al. München: G. Henle, 1961 – (current).
    —New critical edition, "herausgaben vom Beethoven-Archiv, Bonn"; 56 volumes in 13 categories, approx. 60% complete as of May, 2006.

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