- Cantonment, Florida is town north of Pensacola, Florida. See also Canton and Cantonist
A cantonment is a temporary or semi-permanent military quarters. The word cantonment is derived from the French word canton meaning corner or district. In Southern Asia, the term cantonment also describes permanent military stations. Cantonments can be found in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, South Africa, Ghana and Sri Lanka. In United States military parlance, a cantonment is an essentially permanent residential (i.e. barracks) section of a fort or other such military installation. See, for example Fort Hood.
During a campaign, cantonments are places of encampment formed by troops for a more permanent stay, or while in winter quarters. For example at the start of the Waterloo campaign in 1815, while the Duke of Wellington's headquarters were in Brussels, most of his Anglo-allied army of 93,000 were cantoned to the south of Brussels.
List of Permanent Cantonments
Many cities in the Indian subcontinent
, such as Ahmedabad
, contained large cantonments of the former British Indian Army
.. While in the 18th and 19th century cantonments in India were viewed as semi-permanent, by the turn of the 20th century they became permanent garrisons, and were further entrenched as such via the military reforms of Lord Kitchener
in 1903 and the Cantonments Act of 1924
India currently has 63 cantonments in 17 different states
, not including smaller 'sub-cantonments' in the same regional area. The vast majority of Indian cantonments are spread across Northern, Northwestern and Northeastern India since the nation does not face any terrestrial military threats in the South. China
lie beyond India's northern and western borders, both having proven themselves to be hostile to Indian strategic interests, and often acting in concert.
The British Indian Army
too was positioned for threats from across India's northern frontiers, as when the Great Game
was in play in the 19th century. The vast majority of modern Indian Army
cantonments date from the British era, though all have been modernized, expanded and reconfigured to suit modern warfare, training requirements and inter-service considerations. A few have, over the decades, also been dissolved and/or combined with other cantonments.