- For the state capital of the same name, see Colima, Colima. There is also a volcano named Colima, and a spider genus Colima (Zodariidae).
Colima is a state in western Mexico. It shares its name with its capital and main city, Colima.
Colima is a small state, sharing a border with the Mexican states of Jalisco to the north and east, and Michoacán to the south. To the west Colima borders the Pacific Ocean. In addition to the capital city of Colima, the state's main cities include Manzanillo and Tecomán. The state has an area of , with a population in 2005 census of about 567,996 people.
Government and politics
The Constitution of the State of Colima provides that the government
of Colima consists of three powers
: the executive
, the legislative
and the judiciary
Executive power rests in the Governor of Colima, who is directly elected by the citizens, using a secret ballot, to a 6-year term with no possibility of reelection. Legislative power rests in the Congress of Colima which is a unicameral legislature composed of 25 deputies. Judicial power is invested in the Superior Court of Justice of Colima.
The State of Colima is divided into 10 municipalities, each headed by a municipal president
(mayor). Municipalities are named after the city that serves as municipal seat; e.g. the municipal seat of the Municipality of Manzanillo is the City of Manzanillo
. The municipalities (Municipios) are: Colima
, Villa de Álvarez
, Cuauhtémoc, Colima
. These municipalities could be best compared to Counties in the United States, in that they have their own government, police, and services. They also hold their own culture which culminates to create the state's culture. Each has its own songs, dances, clothes and traditional foods.
The Soap Opera Contra viento y marea
, starring Sebastian Rulli
, Marlene Favela
and Azela Robinson
, takes places in the towns of Colima, Manzanillo and Cuyutlan which is a beach town located in the municipality of Armería.
A famous volcano in the area is called "Volcan de Colima" (AKA Volcan de Fuego), but in fact, half of it is in the neighboring state of Jalisco which has been taking over more and more Colimense territory since the states were formed.