Taurus, Turkish Toros, mountain chain, S Turkey, extending c.350 mi (560 km) roughly parallel to the Mediterranean coast of S Asia Minor. It forms the southern border of the Anatolian plateau. Its northeastern extension across the Seyhan River is called the Anti-Taurus. The highest peak of the Taurus proper is Ala Dağ (12,251 ft/3,734 m), at its eastern end; Nemrut Dağ (Mt. Nemrut) in the Anti-Taurus, is the site of colossal Hellenistic ruins. Erciyas Daği (anc. Mount Argaeus), reaching 12,848 ft (3,916 m), is sometimes considered part of the Taurus although it rises in central Anatolia, in an outlier of the Taurus proper. The Amanos Mts., along the eastern shore of the Gulf of Iskenderun, are also considered an offshoot of the main Taurus. The Taurus is crossed by five major passes; the Cilician Gates, N of Tarsus, is the best known. The mountains have long been a barrier to movement between the Anatolian basin and the Levant. The range has important chromium deposits and other minerals (notably copper, silver, lignite, zinc, iron, and arsenic). The Anti-Taurus are well wooded.
Taurus [Lat.,= the bull], in astronomy, constellation NW of Orion and lying on the ecliptic (the sun's apparent path through the heavens) between Gemini and Aries; it is one of the constellations of the zodiac. Taurus is traditionally depicted as the forepart of a bull, in reference to the Greek legend in which Zeus either assumed the form of a bull himself or sent the bull to carry Europa over the sea to Crete. The constellation contains the bright stars Elnath (Beta Tauri) and Aldebaran (Alpha Tauri), long used in navigation. A line extended through and slightly up from Orion's belt will strike Aldebaran. Two notable star clusters, the Pleiades and the Hyades, are found in Taurus, which also includes a number of double stars (observable with small telescopes) and the Crab Nebula (M1). Taurus reaches its highest point in the evening sky in January.

Taurus is Latin for "bull" and may refer to:


  • Taurus Mountains, located in northern Syria/southern Turkey
  • Montes Taurus, a Lunar mountain range named after the Turkish mountains
  • Taures, an ancient region in today's Crimea




  • EuroSprinter ("Taurus") electric railway locomotive, manufactured by Siemens and used by Austrian Federal Railways (OBB) and other countries.
  • Ford Taurus, a full-size car by the Ford Motor Company
  • South Devon Railway locomotive Taurus, a 0-6-0ST steam locomotive
  • The Taurus Express (Toros Ekspresi), a Turkish passenger train
  • Marketing name of the Eurosprinter ES 64 U family of electric locomotives


  • TAURUS, the University at Buffalo's credit transfer system
  • TAURUS (share trading), an unsuccessful IT project at the International Stock Exchange




See also

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