Peter Rawson Taft, I was born to Aaron Taft and Rhoda Rawson on April 14, 1785 at Uxbridge, Worcester County, Massachusetts. The Aaron Taft House in Uxbridge is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Aaron was a farmer, first in Uxbridge and then later in Townshend, Vermont. Aaron Taft, Peter Rawson Taft I's father (1743-1808), in turn, was the son of Peter Taft. Peter was the grandson of Robert Taft, Sr 1640-1725, the first Taft who immigrated to America and settled at Mendon and Uxbridge, Massachusetts. Peter Rawson Taft was then the 5th generation descendent of the first Taft in America, Robert Taft, Sr. Uxbridge and Mendon were the birthplace of the famous American Taft family. Rhoda Rawson, the mother of Peter Rawson Taft, was a descendant of Edward Rawson, who came from England to New England in 1636, and was for thirty-five years secretary of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Aaron Taft, the father of Peter Rawson Taft, was educated at Princeton College. Meeting with severe losses in Massachusetts, he took his family to Vermont around 1800, when Peter Rawson Taft I, was about 15 years of age. Peter Rawson Taft was reared a farmer, with a common-school education in Uxbridge and Townshend. A Taft family story tells of Peter Rawson Taft leading a cow all the way from Uxbridge to Townshend, Vermont when the family moved.
Peter's son, Alphonso Taft (1810-1891),became the U.S. Secretary of War (1876), and U.S. Attorney General (1876-1877). Alphonso Taft founded Skull and Bones at Yale. Peter Rawson Taft I died at age 82 in Hamilton County, Cincinnati, Ohio. Peter's grandson, William Howard Taft became the President of the United States from 1905-1912. He was also the only President to serve as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. The Taft family continued the tradition of returning to Uxbridge for family reunions.