Definitions

Świna

Świna

Świna or Swine, channel, 13 mi (21 km) long, NW Poland, leading from the Zalew Szczeciński (Ger. Stettiner Haff) to the Baltic Sea. It passes between the islands of Wolin and Usedom. Świnoujście, on Usedom, lies at its mouth.
The Świna (Swine; Pomeranian: Swina) is a river in Poland flowing from the Oder Lagoon to the Baltic Sea, between the islands of Usedom and Wolin. It is a part of the Oder River estuary, and carries about 75% of that river's waterflow (of the remainder, Peenestrom carries 15% and Dziwna 10%). It has a length of about 16 km. Świnoujście is a major town on the river.

The German Empire dammed and deepened the river from 1874-1880 to create the Kaiserfahrt (Piast canal). It connected the northern part of the Świna directly with the Oder Lagoon and the Pomeranian harbor of Stettin (Szczecin). The river thus gained importance as a direct waterway to the industrial city. The territory along the river's path was transferred from Germany to Poland following World War II.

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